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Moldova

Constitution as adopted on 29 July 29 1994.

Article 10

    (2) The State recognizes and guarantees all its citizens the right to preserve, develop and express their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity.

Article 13

    (1) The national language of the Republic of Moldova is Moldovan, and its writing is based on the Latin alphabet.

    (2) The Moldovan State acknowledges and protects the right to preserve, develop and use the Russian language and other languages spoken within the national territory of the country.

    (3) The State will encourage and promote studies of foreign languages enjoying widespread international usage.

    (4) The use of languages in the territory of the Republic of Moldova will be established by organic law.

Article 16

    (2) All citizens of the Republic of Moldova are equal before the law and the public authorities, without any discrimination as to race, nationality, ethnic origin, language, religion, sex, political choice, personal property or social origin.

Article 35

    (2) The State will enforce under the law the right of each person to choose his/her language in which teaching will be effected.

    (3) In all forms of educational institutions the study of the country's official language will be ensured.

Article 78

    (2) Any citizen of the Republic of Moldova over 35 years of age that has been living in the country for at least 10 years and speaks the state language can run for the office of President of the Republic of Moldova. The appropriate organic law shall determine the manner of selecting the candidates aspiring to this office.

Article 118

    (1) Legal cases will be heard in the Moldovan language.

    (2) Those persons who do not know or are unable to speak Moldovan have the right to take knowledge of all documents and items on file and to talk to the court through an interpreter.

    (3) In accordance with the law legal hearings may also be conducted in a language that is found to be acceptable by the majority of the persons participating in the hearing.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution of Moldova can be found at then Internet site maintained by the T.C. Williams School of Law's Constitution Finder Project at the University of Richmond.


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