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Mongolia

Constitution as adopted on 13 January 1992.

Article 8

    (1) The Mongolian language is the official language of the State.

    (2) Paragraph (1) does not affect the right of national minorities of other tongues to use their native languages in education and communication and in the pursuit of cultural, artistic, and scientific activities.

Article 14

    (2) No person may be discriminated on the basis of ethnic origin, language, race, age, sex, social origin or status, property, occupation or post, religion, opinion, or education. Everyone is a person before the law.

Article 53

    (1) Court trials are to be conducted in the Mongolian language.

    (2) A person who does not know Mongolian is acquainted with all the facts of the case through translation and has the right to use his or her native language at the trial.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution and further information on the constitutional background of Mongolia are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.


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