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Constitution as adopted on 9 November 1990.

Article 4

    (1) Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multilingual, democratic, independent, indivisible, sovereign, Hindu and Constitutional Monarchical Kingdom.

Article 6

    (1) The Nepali language in the Devanagari script is the language of the nation of Nepal. The Nepali language shall be the official language.

    (2) All the languages spoken as the mother tongue in the various parts of Nepal are the national languages of Nepal.

Article 9

    (4) After the commencement of this Constitution, the acquisition of citizenship of Nepal by a foreigner may be regulated by law which may, inter alia, require the fulfilment of the following conditions:
      (a) that he can speak and write the language of the nation of Nepal;

Article 18

    (1) Each community residing within the Kingdom of Nepal shall have the right to preserve and promote its language, script and culture.

    (2) Each community shall have the right to operate schools up to the primary level in its own mother tongue for imparting education to its children.

Article 113

    (3) The Election Commission shall not register any political organisation or party if any Nepali citizen of is discriminated against in becoming a member on the basis of religion, caste, tribe, language or sex or if the name, objectives, insignia or flag is of such a nature that it is religious or communal or tends to fragment the country.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution and further information on the constitutional background of Nepal are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.

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