Constitution as adopted on 8 December 1991.
2. Romania is the common and indivisible homeland of all its citizens,
without any discrimination on account of race, nationality, ethnic origin,
language, religion, sex, opinion, political adherence, property or social
1. The state recognises and guarantees the right of persons belonging
to national minorities, to the preservation, development and expression
of their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity.
The state shall support the strengthening of links with the Romanians
living abroad and shall act accordingly for the preservation, development
and expression of their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity,
under observance of the legislation of the state of which they are citizens.
In Romania, the official language is Romanian.
5. Any person detained or arrested shall be promptly informed, in a language
he understands, of the grounds for his detention or arrest, and notified
of the charges against him, as soon as practicable; the notification of
the charges shall be made only in the presence of a lawyer of his own
choosing or appointed ex officio.
2. Education of all grades shall be in Romanian. Education may also be
conducted in a foreign language of international use, under the terms
laid down by law.
3. The right of persons belonging to national minorities to learn
their mother tongue, and their right to be educated in this language
are guaranteed; the ways to exercise these rights shall be regulated
1. Procedure shall be conducted in Romanian.
2. Citizens belonging to national minorities, as well as persons who
cannot understand or speak Romanian have the right to take cognisance
of all acts and files of the case, to speak before the Court and formulate
conclusions, through an interpreter; in criminal trials, this right
shall be ensured free of charge.
1. The provisions of this Constitution with regard to the national, independent,
unitary and indivisible character of the Romanian state, the Republican
form of government, territorial integrity, independence of the judiciary,
political pluralism and official language shall not be subject to revision.
Note: The complete
text of the Constitution of Romania is provided in English by the
Bern University's website.