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Slovakia

Constitution as adopted on 3 September 1992.

Article 6

    1. Slovak is the official language of the Slovak Republic.

    2. The use of languages other than the official language in official communications shall be determined by law.

Article 12

    2. Fundamental rights shall be guaranteed in the Slovak Republic to every person regardless of sex, race, colour, language, faith, religion, political affiliation or conviction, national or social origin, nationality or ethnic origin, property, birth or any other status, and no person shall be denied their legal rights, discriminated or favoured on any of these grounds.

Article 26

    5. Government authorities and public administration shall be obligated to provide reasonable access to the information in the official language of their work. The terms and procedures of execution thereof shall be specified by law.

Article 34

    1. Citizens of national minorities or ethnic groups in the Slovak Republic shall be guaranteed their full development, particularly the rights to promote their cultural heritage with other citizens of the same national minority or ethnic group, receive and disseminate information in their mother tongue, form associations, and create and maintain educational and cultural institutions. Details thereof will be determined by law.

    2. In addition to the right to learn the official language, the citizens of national minorities or ethnic groups shall, under conditions defined by law, also be guaranteed:

      (a) the right to be educated in a minority language,
      (b) the right to use a minority language in official communications,
      (c) the right to participate in decision-making in matters affecting the national minorities and ethnic groups.

Article 47

    2. Every person shall have the right to counsel from the outset of proceedings before any court of law, or a governmental or public authority as provided by law...

    4. A person who claims not to know the language used in the proceedings under section 2 of this Article shall have the right to an interpreter.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution and further information on the constitutional background of Slovakia are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.


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