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Spain

Constitution as adopted on 29 December 1978.

Article 3

    1. Castilian is the official Spanish language of the state. All Spaniards have the duty to know it and the right to use it.

    2. The other languages of Spain will also be official in the respective autonomous communities, in accordance with their statutes.

    3. The richness of the linguistic modalities of Spain is a cultural patrimony which will be the object of special respect and protection.

Article 20

    3. The law shall regulate the organization and parliamentary control of the means of social communication owned by the State or any public entity and shall guarantee access to those means by significant social and political groups, respecting the pluralism of society and the various languages of Spain.

Article 148

    1. The Autonomous Communities may assume jurisdiction in the following matters...
      (17) assistance to culture, research and, as the case may be, for the teaching of the language of the Autonomous Community;

Note: The complete text of the Constitution and further information on the constitutional background of Spain are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.


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