UNESCO Social and Human Sciences
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Constitution as adopted on 18 May 1992.

Article 13

    The state language of Turkmenistan shall be the Turkmen language.

    All citizens of Turkmenistan shall be guaranteed the right to use their native language.

Article 17

    Turkmenistan shall guarantee the equality of the rights and freedoms of citizens, as well as the equality of citizens before the law irrespective of nationality, origin, property status or official position, place of residence, language, attitude towards religion, political beliefs, or party membership.

Article 106

    Judicial procedure shall be conducted in the state language. Persons participating in the case who do not speak the language of the judicial procedure shall be ensured the right to acquaint themselves with the materials of the case and to participate in judicial action, and also the right to testify in court in their native language.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution of Turkmenistan is provided on the Internet by Law and Environment Eurasia Partnership, with the assistance of the Program in Science, Technology, and Society of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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