Constitution as adopted on 23 January 1961.
(1) The national language of the Republic of Vanuatu is Bislama. The official
languages are Bislama, English and French. The principal languages of
education are English and French.
(2) The Republic of Vanuatu shall protect the different local languages which are part of the national heritage, and may declare one of them as a national language.
(1) The National Council of Chiefs has a general competence to discuss all matters relating to custom and tradition and may make recommendations for the preservation and promotion of ni-Vanuatu culture and languages.
(2) The Council may be consulted on any question, particularly any question relating to tradition and custom, in connection with any bill before Parliament.
(1) A citizen of Vanuatu may obtain, in the official language that he uses, the services which he may rightfully expect from the administration of the Republic of Vanuatu.
(2) Where a citizen considers that there has been a breach of subarticle (1) he may make a complaint to the Ombudsman who shall conduct an enquiry in accordance with Articles 62 and 63.
(3) The Ombudsman shall, each year, make a special report to Parliament concerning the observance of multilingualism and the measures likely to ensure its respect.
A bill for an amendment of a provision of the Constitution regarding the status of Bislama, English and French, the electoral system, or the parliamentary system, passed by Parliament under Article 85, shall not come into effect unless it has been supported in a national referendum.
Note: The complete
text of the Constitution of Vanuatu can be found on the website maintained
by the Government of Vanuatu.