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Yugoslavia

Constitution as adopted on 27 April 1992.

Article 11

    The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia shall recognize and guarantee the rights of national minorities to preserve, foster and express their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and other peculiarities, as well as to use their national symbols, in accordance with international law.

Article 15

    (1) In the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Serbian language in its ekavian and ijekavian dialects and the Cyrillic script shall be official, while the Latin script shall be in official use as provided for by the Constitution and law.

    (2) In regions of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia inhabited by national minorities, the languages and scripts of these minorities shall also be in official use in the manner prescribed by law.

Article 20

    (1) Citizens shall be equal irrespective of their nationality, race, sex, language, faith, political or other beliefs, education, social origin, property, or other personal status.

Article 23

    (3) Every person taken into custody must be informed immediately in his mother tongue or in a language which he understands of the reasons for his arrest, and he shall be entitled to demand that the authorities inform his next of kin of his detention.

Article 46

    (1) Members of national minorities shall have the right to education in their own language, in conformity with the law.

    (2) Members of national minorities shall have the right to information media in their own language.

Article 49

    Everyone shall be guaranteed the right to use his own language in proceedings before a tribunal or other authority or organization which in the performance of their public powers decide on his rights and duties and in the course of these proceedings to be informed of the facts in hi own language.

Note: The complete text of the Constitution of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Mmontenegro) and further information on the constitutional background of are provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Bern.


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