UNESCO Social and Human Sciences
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Monitoring of ethnicity, conflicts and cohesion

Central and Eastern Europe, Central Asia

Project description
Overview map of the participating institutes
The website of the Monitoring of ethnicity, conflicts and cohesion Project at the Russian Academy of Sciences
Progress Report of the project
7th EAWARN Annual Seminar Kemer, Turkey, 16-20 October 2000
Testing the Early Warning Model - meeting 
Ufa, Bashkiria, Russia, 1-4 June 1997 
During this meeting, EAWARN members discussed a model for early warning of ethnic conflict based on 46 indicators, which have been studied in six countries and regions during 1996 and in the first half of 1997. 
Bringing Networks Together  
(EAWARN Annual Seminar, 8-12 October 1996, 
Londonderry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom)
Contact information

Forthcoming Publications on Ethnological Monitoring: 
  • Kabardino-Balkaria, Russian Federation

  • by Svetlana Akkieva

The following publications are available in English:

The Republic of Kalmykia, A Model of Ethnological Monitoring, by Elza-Bair Guchinova, in Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 11-90, 1999

The Republic of Tuva, A Model of Ethnological Monitoring, by Zoia Anaiban, in Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 13-96, 1999

Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia contains unabridged translations of manuscripts, articles and parts of books. Materials are selected which best reflect developments in anthropology and archeology in the Newly Independent States and are of most interest to those professionally concerned with these fields.

English translations by M.E. Sharpe, ISSN 1061-1959/1999, $9.50 + 0.00
1999 M.E.Sharpe, Inc. All rights reserved

If you would like to receive ordering information, please contact:

    M. E. Sharpe Publishing
    80 Business Park Drive
    Armonk, NY 10504
    Tel: 1-800-541-6563
    On Internet: http://www.mesharpe.com/

Ethnological Monitoring: 
Bashkiria, Russian Federation (PDF format) 
by El'dar Gabdrafikov, Moscow, 1998 
available in Russian 
Ethnological Monitoring: 
the Republic of Buriatia (PDF format) 
by Lubov Abaeva and Sogto Tsyrenov, Moscow, 1999 
available in Russian
Ethnological Monitoring: 
the Republic of Kalmykia (PDF format) 
by Elza-Bair Guchinova, Moscow: IEA RAS, 1997 
available in Russian and in French (summary) 

The model of early warning applied in this case study analyses the situation in Kalmykia during 1995 and 1996. According to the results, the general trend has been a deterioration in the environmental, demographic and economic spheres, and improvements in the political, cultural, ethno-psychological and international spheres.

Ethnological Monitoring: 
the Republic of Karelia (PDF format) 
by Evgueni Klementiev, Moscow: IEA RAS, 1998 
available in Russian

The author completed an investigation that filled in the gap in the presently available analysis of the modern social and economic situation in the Republic of Karelia. This publication draws attention to the interdependence between local ethnic cultures that may be perceived as a renewable source of ethnic peace and cooperation. It also contains interesting comparative data analysed in a historical context.

Ethnological Monitoring: 
the Republic of Kazakhstan (PDF format) 
by Nurbulat Masanov and Igor Savin, Moscow: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, 1997 
available in Russian and in French (summary) 

This case study covers principal changes in the ethnopolitical situation of Kazakhstan in the following seven major public spheres: environmental, economic, demographic, political (including ethno-political), cultural, ethnopsychological and international. According to the case study evaluations, the two most problematic spheres in which there has been a marked decline are the economy and ethnopolitics. With the exception of international relations, the dynamics in almost every other sector have also been assessed as negative. 

Ethnological Monitoring: 
Khanty-Mansi Region, Russian Federation (PDF format) 
by Igor Kosikov and Lidia Kosikova, Moscow, 1998 
available in Russian 
Ethnological Monitoring: 
Krasnodarski Region, Russian Federation (PDF format) 
by Evgueni Kritski and Mikhail Savva, Moscow, 1998 
available in Russian 

The situation in Krasnodar Region (administrative unit "Krai" of the Russian Federation) today is far from stable. Meskhetian Turks, Kurds, Armenians, Slavic and others refugees demand the resolution of their problems. At the same time aboriginal people - shapsugs - strive to preserve their language and ethnic tradition. The third side is the local Russian population, that is the most numerous. Russians, and especially Cossacks (Cossack movements) want to stop the influx of refugees. These and other issues are tackled by E.Kritsky and M.Savva through the study of the results of different sociological surveys in the region. 

Ethnological Monitoring: 
Omsk Region, Russian Federation (PDF format) 
by Ilia Lotkin, Moscow, 1998 
available in Russian 
Ethnological Monitoring: 
Orenburg Region, Russian Federation (PDF format) 
by Venali Amelin, Moscow: IEA RAS, 1997 
available in Russian 

This case study, written by Prof. Amelin, is based upon current data on social, ethnic and economic life in the Orenburg Region. In the former USSR, the Orenburg Region was a semi-rural district with a predominantly Russian population. After the collapse of the USSR the situation has dramatically changed. Now Orenburg is one of the Russian frontier territories, neighbouring with the Republic of Kazakhstan, which gives it a key geopolitical position. Political stability and interethnic tolerance are important factors for peace and good neighbourly relations between Russia and the Central Asian republics. 

Ethnological Monitoring: 
the Republic of Tatarstan 
by Rafik Abdrachmanov and Elmira Mavrina, Moscow, 1999 
available in Russian 
Ethnological Monitoring: 
the Republic of Tuva 
by Zoia Anaiban, Moscow: IEA RAS, 1996 
available in Russian and in French (summary) 

This case study focuses on changes in the overall situation in Tuva during 1995-1996. The results suggest that there has been a considerable decline in the economic, environmental and demographic spheres, and marked improvements in cultural life and interethnic and international relations.

The management of multi-ethnic societies and of ethnic conflicts represents a major challenge to the post-communist world. Extreme forms of ethno-nationalism, xenophobia and ethnic violence have become obstacles to democratic and economic transitions in a number of regions in the Russian Federation and in several countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. At the same time several countries in these regions are managing to move towards a peaceful multicultural and multi-ethnic modern democratic society. The strategies and mechanisms for governing multi-ethnicity in the current period of important social transformations are not obvious to many researchers and policy-makers. Therefore UNESCO has recently adopted a policy-oriented project in the framework of the MOST programme to monitor and analyse ethnic relations in the region with the objective of providing practical information to policy-makers on the prevention of ethnic conflict and the promotion of pluralistic democracy. 

Ethnological monitoring and policy-oriented communication are powerful tools for conflict prevention and for responsible decision-making in complex societies. Valuable information on ethnicity and conflict issues in many of the newly independent states is being collected, but it is accumulated in incompatible formats and remains scattered, making it inaccessible to researchers and policy-makers. This project seeks to improve that situation through the creation of an information network, training of researchers, reporting of ethnicity issues and dissemination of relevant policy information.

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