MOST DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION PROJECTS
UN Technical Symposium on International Migration and
An important UN Symposium held at The Hague (Netherlands) from 29 June
to 3 July debated the causes and consequences of global migration. The
Technical Symposium on International Migration and Development was
organised by the Working Group on International Migration of the United
Nations ACC Task Force on Basic Social Services for All in collaboration
with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of the Netherlands.
As a member of the organising Steering Committee, UNESCO was represented
at a high level at the Technical Symposium, attended by UN agencies experts,
representatives of the governmental and non-governmental organizations
and agencies, and scholars from universities and research institutes. The
five day meeting was part of the follow-up to the United Nations International
Conference on Population and Development (Cairo, 1994).
The complexity surrounding causes of migratory movements became apparent:
for example, absolute poverty makes it hard to migrate, while early stages
of economic growth may encourage departure through greater availability
of economic and cultural capital. Development thus encourages emigration
at first, though a turning point is likely to be reached as income rises,
leading to decreasing emigration and, eventually, immigration. The Symposium
examined irregular forms of employment of migrants - a major political
issue in many receiving countries. It became apparent that migrant workers
were often simply the most visible and vulnerable groups in more general
processes of socio-economic change. Emphasis was put on improving protection
of migrant workers and asylum-seekers through government action and international
cooperation. The Symposium found that return migration can be a valuable
instrument for development, if effective ways are found of utilising the
migrants' remittances and skills.
The Report of the Technical Symposium due to be released in October,
will present the 'state-of-the-art' in research on migration and development.
It will be submitted to the United Nations Commission on Population and
Development, to help work out ways in which the international community
can better respond to the pressing issues of global population mobility.
The Commission's recommendations will be transmitted to the UN General
University of Wollongong, Australia
Director, APMRN Secretariat
Rapporteur of the Technical Symposium
Small Coastal Cities: Urban Development and
Freshwater Resources: from Essaouira to Saïda - Partnerships in Action
UNESCO organized an International Seminar in Essaouira (Morocco), from
24 to 26 November 1997, to seek partner cities in support of that municipality’s
integrated urban development of its small coastal city, endangered by coastal
erosion, freshwater mismanagement and major socio-economic transformations.
The Seminar, divided into plenary sessions and specialized workshops,
was attended by the Mayors of:
representatives of the Municipalities of:
Saint Malo (France),
Alghero, Taglio di Po, Licata, Sciacca (Italy),
and representatives of international NGOs:
Esberg, Odense (Denmark),
International experts, hydrogeologists, environment and coastal erosion
specialists, socio-economists, town planners and architects contributed
to their expertise.
ADEFRAM (Association pour le développement des échanges
MDEM (Mission pour le développement des échanges méditerranéens),
IFLA (International Federation of Landscape Architects).
Outcome: A co-operation agreement within the framework of UNESCO´s
Development and Freshwater Resources: Small Coastal Cities" was signed
by representatives from Essaouira, Saint Malo, Alghero, Licata, Sciacca,
Taglio di Po, Omisalj, Kotor, Odense, Esberg and Saïda. On-going activities
include the exchange of expertise and experiences and the provision of
technical support from MOST and the International
Hydrological Programme (IHP).
In addition, memoranda of co-operations were signed between Essaouira and
Saint Malo, Alghero, Licata, Sciacca. This " Partnerships Between Cities
" is particularly favourable to Essaouira, which will benefit from sustained
follow-up by UNESCO’s Rabat Office.
- The Representative from the Ministry of Environment of Tunisia offered
to present a study case in Tunisia which will be supported by UNESCO Tunis
Signature of the letters of intentions between
Dr. A. Aureli for the cities of Sciacca and Licata (Sicily)
and Dr. A. Kalash, Mayor of Saida (Lebanon)
Essaouira International Seminar 97:
"Creation of the Network of Small Coastal Historical Cities"
Signature of the letters of intentions between
Mr. Louis Pottier, Deputy mayor of St-Malo (France) and
Mr. Tahar Afify, Mayor of Essaouira (Marocco)
- The city of Mahdia is now one of the pilot projects. A leaflet dedicated
to the plan of action for Mahdia in search of partnerships is available
as of November 1998.
- Two on site internships have been undertaken in summar 1998 by Spanish
technical architect students: one in Essaouira by students from Granada
and one in Saïda by students from Barcelona and Cuenca.
- A fact finding mission to Saïda is planned end of 1998 to prepare
operational activities for 1999/2000.
- The two cities of Omisalj and Taglio di Po signed a mutual co-operation
agreement to be implemented by the Venice Office. The Mayor of Saïda
has strongly requested that this city become the second pilot case on this
The City of Saïda , supported by the Hariri Foundation, has proposed
activities for 1998-1999 with the assistance of the UNESCO Beyrouth Office,
- A technical Architectural workshop for the revitalization of a small
square in the Old City of Saïda;
From the Old Mogador (Essaouira) to the Phoenician Sidon (Saïda),
partners, municipalities, NGOs and UNESCO together will achieve improved
urban and environmental development for Small Coastal Cities along the
- A training workshop for technicians and decision-makers within the
framework of the MOST "Growing Up in Cities" Project;
- Identification of the main components of Saïda´s Urban
Coastal redevelopment plan;
- Organization of an International Seminar early 1999.
Co-operation and student exchange in the field
of technical architecture
In the pipeline: An agreement is under way to officialize the exchange
of technical architecture students from all Spanish universities with MOST
Urban Site Projects. This would apply to operational actions in Essaouira
(Morocco), Saïda (Lebanon) and Guadalajara (Mexico).
"Spanish technical architects for small coastal cities"
Essaouira´s Medina last year received the visit of three technical
architects from the University of Madrid who produced architectural surveys
for a Portuguese Church and an Orphanage and a socio-economic study of
the Old Jewish neighbourhood of the Medina. Local authorities are drawing
on this work in redeveloping Essaouira´s Urban Center.
In co-operation with the Spanish Permanent Delegation to UNESCO and
the Previsión Mutua de Aparejadores y Arquitectos (PREMAA),
the " Spanish Technical Architects for small coastal cities programme "
will do the following: over the next year and a half, it plans to undertake
the activities outlined below:
Primary school in the Old Medina of Essaouira.
Picture taken by the Spanish Young Architects
within the framework of UNESCO/Spain cooperation agreement
for on site training of architects.
Site surveys and socio-economic studies of Essaouira´s Medina, Saïda’s
Old City and Guadalajara.
Essaouira, Saïda and Guadalajara Municipalities will host the Spanish
students during the summer holidays (1998/99).
UNESCO will edit into French, Arabic and Spanish the works of the Spanish
students for use by the municipalities concerned, and will support student
Spanish universities involved in the project will train Moroccan, Moroccan,
Lebanese and Mexican students during a two-month period in 1999.
UNESCO and the Spanish Universities of technical architects will promote
a student network as an additional tool for Small Coastal Cities to eradicate
exclusion and poverty amongst young people in inner cities. B.C.
New Initiatives for Children and Youth: Building
This workshop was organised in two stages, with the first day having the
character of a seminar, attended by over 150 participants and the two subsequent
days as workshops attended by approximately 50 participants. It was opened
by his Excellency Soewarto Moestadja, the Minister of Social Affairs, and
closed by his Excellency Faried Pierkhan, Minister of Education, Surinam.
The three-day event had as its main goal to contribute to the healthy development
of children and youth in Suriname and adjacent Caribbean countries. It
sought to achieve this primarily by bringing together local, regional and
international specialists. The following objectives were set at the onset:
Paramaribo, Suriname, 22-24 June, 1998
Conclusions of the workshop sessions are:
identification of information, training and other programme support needs;
identification of new ideas, new donors and resources;
strengthening of regional networking between agencies working for children
development of an action-research agenda; and
building of new partnerships between implementers, programme developers,
and donors at the local, regional and international level.
Little factual information about the situation of children and youth in
Suriname is available, and concerted efforts should be made to collect
data, qualitative and quantitative, to raise awareness, to guide practice
and to inform policy;
Increased regional exchange within and between countries in the Caribbean
on good practices for involving children and youth in decisions affecting
In efforts to improve the situation of children and youth, the needs of
the parents must be addressed since parents have a pivotal role in the
healthy development of their children;
Family policies and policies for children and youth in Suriname must reflect
the rich cultural differences that exist in the country. To be effective,
regional networking within the Caribbean should be sensitive to the differences
and similarities between Caribbean youth, and seek to promote social and
More efforts need to be directed toward raising awareness within families
of how parent's violent behaviour has a direct bearing on the potential
for violence in their children;
Efforts must be made toward developing a language policy within Suriname,
that respects the country's diversity of cultures and peoples;
In building sustainable and productive partnerships at the national and
regional level, donors need to co-ordinate their funding efforts in order
to reduce piecemeal initiatives by implementing agencies;
Co-ordination of funding would support efforts to design a coherent strategy
and approach to development in Suriname, and would diminish overlaps between
Seek further co-operation between UNESCO and the Suriname Government, particularly
in the fields of youth and education policy, including research on youth
Establish a joint UNESCO/ICDI committee to closely follow up on the outcome
of this workshop with the Government of Suriname;
Organise an evaluation seminar in two years to take stock of the progress
on the Children in Suriname Programme;
Contribute to the establishment of a national policy for children and youth
Assist the Government of Suriname in establishing a national education
Assist the Suriname Government in strengthening its capacity to collect
social data through data-collection training workshops;
Collaborate with UNICEF and other international and regional agencies in
attaining these objectives. NA
In the aftermath of Habitat II, there is a need to reassess and renew the
basic training of city professionals (architects, urban planners, managers,
economists and sociologists) and city actors (politicians, unions, associations
and inhabitants). UNESCO, with its interdisciplinary specificity in educational,
cultural, scientific and social issues, has a long tradition in professional
training. Hence, at the Twenty-ninth session of the General Conference
(1997), the UNESCO Charter for Architectural Education was presented by
This programme designs innovative and interdisciplinary training modules
for main city actors. It teaches social-policy on sustainable and participatory
development of settlements, promotion of citizenship and governance, poverty
and exclusion. The first activity is in Latin America, organized in the
framework of the UNESCO Chair network.
The UNESCO Chair "Management of the habitat and socially sustainable
development" will be set up by ITESO (Instituto Tecnológico y
de Estudios Superiores de Occidente de Guadalajara, Mexico) during
the first academic term of 1998-1999. Beginning in Latin America, it will
develop a technical co-operation and partnership for setting up a platform
of mutual assistance and exchange of experience with a view to working
on pedagogical programmes relative to the training of city professionals.
These experiences will be concerned, for example, with participatory composition
and design, creation of partnerships for the implementation of micro-enterprises
and work site-schools and participation of the university in the social
and economic life of the region. G.S.
MOST and the African Development Bank:
The main objectives of this ADB/UNESCO identification mission were to collect
and assess information on poverty, identify key issues, and recommend a
strategy for reducing poverty in Guinea Bissau.
cooperating for poverty reduction in Guinea Bissau
Poverty data on this country is very scarce with discrepancies between
official reports. Donor attempts to produce reliable data on social development
are impeded by the country´s difficulty in maintaining an accurate
national database. The World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme
have pulled efforts in order to elaborate the National Poverty Programme,
within the framework of the Second Structural Adjustment Plan.
Social sustainability of the rehabilitation project
In partnership with the Interamerican Development Bank, the Entreprise
d´économie mixte and the UNESCO Office in Quito, this project
on the socio-cultural dimensions of urban rehabilitation:
The citizenship-territory relationship is the central challenge of this
initiative and concerns respect for cultural identity, peaceful co-existence
of social groups and the improvement of living conditions of the society
as a whole in the rehabilitated city.
establishes a method, agreed upon by all stake-holders for the rehabilitation
of the historic centre of Quito;
mediates and resolves issues related to social exclusion;
recomposes links between the social fabric and the geographic space of
the historic centre.
Quito: Daily animation in the historic city centre
The main objectives of providing the local population the means to participate
in reconstructing the city centre are:
to contribute to the development of an integrated social-cultural population
policy within the rehabilitated historic zone;
to raise awareness and promote civic values in the rehabilitated area;
to develop global means of management and integration of the civil society
in the process of urban rehabilitation. G.S.