UNESCO Social and Human Sciences
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comparative research with the Northern Rim of the Mediterranean Sea

also available in Arabic (PDF file)
Extensive project description (in French)
Contact information

Economic globalisation and the development of transnational flows imply a major redefinition of the role of Nation-States, principally as to local identity questions. Understanding these trends and phenomena imply accomplishing multi-disciplinary research on global economy, national policies and social transformations. World agriculture market and the development of rural societies are among the main observation sites of these interdependent phenomena.
The main objective of this project is to understand fundamental changes rural societies are going through in Arab Mediterranean countries, and how they interact with transformations in the North of the Mediterranean Sea. This research should focus on decision-making and national strategies in terms of economic and regional integration.

The lines of research :

  • Changes brought about in the international context by multilateral agreements and by new circumstances in regional geopolitics.
  • The regulatory role that may be and that is being played by bilateral agreements between the European Union and the Mediterranean countries, the consequences of secrecy regarding trade in agricultural products, and the impact of liberalisation of trade in other products.
  • The capacity for individual countries to use their agricultural policies for mediation.
  • The consequences for rural societies, the strategies used by the actors to adapt to the new context, and their capacity to negotiate to influence the new decisions.
  • The disintegration of old structures, the emergence of new actors and new kinds of organisations (village, communities, producer's groups or associations, development associations, etc.), and the intervention of outside actors (national and international NGO's, etc.). This will involve investigating changes in the respective roles of the government and of civil society in guiding farmers, and the rural world in general.

Institutional Framework :

Centre de recherche en économie appliquée au développement (CREAD)
Institut supérieur d'économie (ISE, Sétif)
Institut national agronomique (INA, El Harrach)

Institut agronomique et vétérinaire Hassen II (Rabat)
Ecole nationale agronomique, ENA (Meknes)

Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie (INRAT)
Faculté de Sciences Humaines de la Manouba, Département de Géographie
Faculté de Lettres et Sciences Humaines de Sfax, Département de Géographie
Institut de Recherche sur le Maghreb Contemporain (IRMC), Tunis

Centre d'études et de documentation économique européennes et juridique (CEDEJ, Cairo)
Université Américaine du Caire

Jordan and Palestine:
Centre de recherche sur le Moyen Orient contemporain
Université de Yarmouk

Université de Hacepette

Université de Tirana

Coordination scientifique :

Mohamed ELLOUMI et l'Institut de Recherche sur le Maghreb Contemporain (IRMC) - Tunis
20, rue Mohamed Ali Tahar, Mutuelleville, 1002 Tunis
Tél. : (1) 79 67 22
Fax : (1) 79 73 60
Télex : 18080

Coordination UNESCO/MOST:

Carlos S. Milani

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