are in the MOST Phase I website (1994-2003).
The MOST Phase II website is available at: www.unesco.org/shs/most.
rights law plays an important role in setting standards for the freedom
of religion and belief and, especially, for the protection and promotion
of the identity of religious minorities. It provides a normative framework
for developing context-sensitive policy-options aimed at managing religious
conflict and establishing democratic institutions in multireligious societies.
To raise awareness about religious rights and to provide tools for decision-makers in governments, parliaments, and civil society, UNESCO's MOST Programme has collected the most relevant provisions in international conventions, declarations and multilateral treaties, which pertain to the freedom of religion or belief and to the rights of religious minorities.
The right to freedom of thought, conscience, religion and belief as well as the rights of persons belonging to religious minorities have been increasingly acknowledged in international human rights law. The following list contains all major UN declarations and conventions pertinent to these rights. For legal discussions of the provisions listed below see the publications displayed in the Bibliography.
Within the frameworks of the Council of Europe and the Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), the freedom of religion or belief and the rights of persons belonging to religious minorities have been addressed in several multilateral treaties and conventions. The most important are:
Religious rights are recognized in various declarations or conventions of the Organization of American States (O.A.S.) such as:
Religious rights are recognized in various regional declarations or conventions in Africa such as:
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