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Argentina - Constitution

Adopted in: 1853 (Document Status: Nov 1998)
Official Title: Constitution of the Argentine Nation

Section 2 [] 

The Federal Government supports the Roman Catholic Apostolic religion.
Section 14 [] 
All the inhabitants of the Nation are entitled to the following rights, in accordance with the laws that regulate their exercise, namely: to work and perform any lawful industry; to navigate and trade; to petition the authorities; to enter, remain in, travel through, and leave the Argentine territory; to publish their ideas through the press without previous censorship; to make use and dispose of their property; to associate for useful purposes; to profess freely their religion; to teach and to learn.
Section 20 [] 
Foreigners enjoy within the territory of the Nation all the civil rights of citizens; they may exercise their industry, trade and profession; own real property, buy and sell it; navigate the rivers and coasts; practice freely their religion; make wills and marry under the laws. They are not obliged to accept citizenship nor to pay extraordinary compulsory taxes. They may obtain naturalization papers residing two uninterrupted years in the Nation; but the authorities may shorten this term in favor of those so requesting it, alleging and proving services rendered to the Republic. 
Section 93 [] 
On assuming office, the President and Vice- President shall take oath before the President of the Senate and before Congress assembled, respecting their religious beliefs, to perform with loyalty and patriotism the office of President (or Vice-President) of the Nation, and to faithfully observe the Constitution of the Argentine Nation, and to cause it to be observed.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Argentinia is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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