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Belarus - Constitution

Adopted: 1 March 1994

Article 4 [Multi-Party System] 

(1) Democracy in the Republic of Belarus shall be exercised on the basis of a variety of political institutions, ideologies, and views.
(2) The ideology of political parties, religious or other public associations, and social groups may not be made compulsory for citizens.
Article 5 [Political Parties] 
(3) The creation and activities of political parties and other public associations that aim at changing the constitutional system by force, or conduct a propaganda of war, ethnic, religious, or racial hatred, shall be prohibited.
Article 12 [Asylum] 
The Republic of Belarus may grant the right of asylum to persons persecuted in other states for political or religious beliefs or their ethnic affiliation.
Article 16 [Religions] 
(1) All religions and faiths shall be equal before the law. The establishment of any privileges or restrictions with regard to a particular religion or faith in relation to others shall not be permitted. 
(2) The activities of denominational organizations, their bodies and representatives, that are directed against the sovereignty of the Republic of Belarus, its constitutional system and civic harmony, or involve a violation of civil rights and liberties, shall be prohibited. 
(3) Relations between the State and religious denominations shall be governed by the law.
Article 31 [Religion] 
Everyone shall have the right independently to determine his attitude towards religion, to profess any religion individually or jointly with others, or to profess none at all, to express and spread beliefs connected with his attitude towards religion, and to participate in the performance of acts of worship and religious rituals and rites.
Article 33 [Expression] 
(1) Everyone is guaranteed freedom of thoughts and beliefs and their free expression. 
(2) No one shall be forced to express his beliefs or to deny them. 
(3) No monopolization of the mass media by the State, public associations or individual citizens and no censorship shall be permitted.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Belarus is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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