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Belgium - Constitution

Adopted in: 1970 (Document Status: 17 Feb 1994)

Article 20 [No Forced Religion] 

No one can be obliged to contribute in any way whatsoever to the acts and ceremonies of a religion, nor to observe the days of rest.
Article 21 [Church Competencies, Civil Wedding] 
(1) The State does not have the right to intervene either in the nomination or in the installation of ministers of any religion whatsoever, nor to forbid these ministers from corresponding with their superiors, from publishing their acts, except, in the latter case, taking into consideration normal responsibilities in matters of press and publication. 
(2) A civil wedding should always precede nuptial benediction except in cases established by law, should this be necessary.
Article 24 [Education] 
(3.2) All pupils of school age have the right to moral or religious education at the Community's expense.
Article 181 [Remuneration of Religious and Moral Leaders] 
(1) The State awards remuneration and pensions to religious leaders; those amounts required are included in the budget on an annual basis. 
(2) The State awards remuneration and pensions to representatives of organizations recognized by the law as providing moral assistance according to a non-religious philosophical concept; those amounts required are included in the budget on an annual basis.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Belgium is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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