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Bulgaria - Constitution

Adopted on: 12 July 1991

Article 6 [Human Dignity, Freedom, Equality] 

(2) All citizens shall be equal before the law. There shall be no privileges or restriction of rights on the grounds of race, nationality, ethnic self-identity, sex, origin, religion, education, opinion, political affiliation, personal or social status, or property status.
Article 11 [Political Parties] 
(4) There shall be no political parties on ethnic, racial, or religious lines, nor parties which seek the violent usurpation of state power.
Article 13 [Religion] 
(1) The practicing of any religion is free. 
(2) The religious institutions shall be separate from the state. 
(3) Eastern Orthodox Christianity is considered the traditional religion in the Republic of Bulgaria. 
(4) Religious institutions and communities and religious beliefs shall not be used to political ends.
Article 37 [Freedom of Religion and Belief] 
(1) The freedom of conscience, the freedom of thought, and the choice of religion and of religious or atheistic views are inviolable. The state shall assist the maintenance of tolerance and respect among the believers from different denominations, and among believers and non-believers. 
(2) The freedom of conscience and religion shall not be practiced to the detriment of national security, public order, public health and morals, or of the rights and freedoms of others.
Article 44 [Association] 
(2) No organization shall act to the detriment of the country's sovereignty and national integrity, or the unity of the nation, nor shall it incite racial, national, ethnic, or religious enmity or an encroachment on the rights and freedoms of citizens; no organization shall establish clandestine or paramilitary structures or shall seek to attain its aims through violence.
Article 58 [Observing Constitution] 
(2) Obligations established by the Constitution and the law shall not be defaulted upon on grounds of religious or other convictions.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Bulgaria is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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