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Canada - Constitution Act 1982

Adopted in: 1982 (Document Status: 14 April 1994)

Section 2 [Freedom of Religion, Speech, Association]

Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:
(a) freedom of conscience and religion;
(b) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other means of communication;
(c) freedom of peaceful assembly and
(d) freedom of association.
Section 15 [General Equality, No Discrimination]
(1) Every individual is equal before the and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age, or mental or physical disability.
(2) Subsection (1) does not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration of conditions of disadvantaged individuals or groups including those that are disadvantaged because or race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age, or mental or physical disability.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Canada is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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