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Croatia - Constitution

Adopted in: Dec 1990

Article 14 [Equality] 

(1) Citizens of the Republic of Croatia enjoy all rights and freedoms regardless of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, education, social status, or other characteristics.
Article 17 [Special Restrictions in State of Emergency] 
(1) During a state of war or an immediate danger to the independence and unity of the Republic, or in the event of some natural disaster, individual freedoms and rights guaranteed by the Constitution may be restricted. This shall be decided by the Croatian Parliament by a two-thirds majority of all representatives or, if the Croatian Parliament is unable to convene, by the President of the Republic. 
(2) The extent of such restrictions must be adequate to the nature of the danger, and may not result in the inequality of citizens in respect of race, color, sex, language, religion, national, or social origin. 
(3) Not even in the case of immediate danger to the existence of the state may restrictions be imposed on the application of the provisions of this Constitution concerning the right to life, prohibition of torture, cruel or unusual treatment or punishment, and on the legal definitions of penal offenses and punishments, and on freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
Article 39 [Intolerance] 
Any call for or incitement to war, or resort to violence, national, racial, or religious hatred, or any form of intolerance is prohibited and punishable.
Article 40 [Religion] 
Freedom of conscience and religion and free public profession of religion and other convictions are guaranteed.
Article 41 [Religious Communities, Religious Neutrality] 
(1) All religious communities are equal before the law and separate from the state. 
(2) Religious communities shall be free, in conformity with law, to publicly perform religious services, open schools, teaching establishments or other institutions , social and charitable institutions and to manage them, and shall in their activity enjoy the protection and assistance of the state.
Article 47 [Military Service] 
(2) Conscientious objection is allowed to all those who for religious or moral beliefs are not willing to participate in the performance of military duties in the armed forces. Such persons are obliged to perform other duties specified by law.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Croatia is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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