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Finland - Constitution

Adopted on: 17 July 1919 (Document Status: 22 Dec 1995)

Section 5 [Equality] 

(2) No one shall, without acceptable grounds, be afforded a different status on account of sex, age, origin, language, religion, conviction, opinion, state of health, disability or any other reason related to the person.
Section 9 [Religion] 
(1) Everyone shall have the right to freedom of religion and conscience. 
(2) The right to freedom of religion and conscience shall include the right to profess and practice a religion, the right to express a conviction and the right to belong or not to belong to a religious community. No one shall be required to participate in religious practices to which they are conscientiously opposed.
Section 83 [Church Code for Evangelical Lutheran Church] 
(1) Provisions on the organisation and administration of the Evangelical Lutheran church shall be prescribed in the Church Code. 
(2) Other existing religious communities shall be governed by the provisions enacted or to be enacted on these communities. 
(3) New religious communities may be established in the manner prescribed by Act of Parliament.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Finland is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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