Ireland - Constitution
Adopted on: 1 July 1937 (Document Status: 23 March 1990)
Article 40 Personal Rights
(6.2) Laws regulating the manner in which the right of forming
associations and unions and the right of free assembly may be exercised
shall contain no political, religious or class discrimination.
Article 42 Education
(1) The State acknowledges that the primary and natural educator
of the child is the Family and guarantees to respect the inalienable right
and duty of parents to provide, according to their means, for the religious
and moral, intellectual, physical and social education of their children.
Article 44 Religion
(4) The State shall provide for free primary education and shall endeavor
to supplement and give reasonable aid to private and corporate educational
initiative, and, when the public good requires it, provide other educational
facilities or institutions with due regard, however, for the rights of
parents, especially in the matter of religious and moral formation .
(1) The State acknowledges that the homage of public worship
is due to Almighty God. It shall hold His Name in reverence, and shall
respect and honor religion.
Note: Further information on the constitutional
background of Ireland is provided by the International Constitutional
Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg.
(2.1) Freedom of conscience and the free profession and practice of
religion are, subject to public order and morality, guaranteed to every
(2.2) The State guarantees not to endow any religion.
(2.3) The State shall not impose any disabilities or make any discrimination
on the ground of religious profession, belief or status.
(2.4) Legislation providing State aid for schools shall not discriminate
between schools under the management of different religious denominations,
nor be such as to affect prejudicially the right of any child to attend
a school receiving public money without attending religious instruction
at that school.
(2.5) Every religious denomination shall have the right to manage its
own affairs, own, acquire and administer property, movable and immovable,
and maintain institutions for religious or charitable purposes.
(2.6) The property of any religious denomination or any educational
institution shall not be diverted save for necessary works of public utility
and on payment of compensation.
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