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Lithuania - Constitution

Adopted on: 25 Oct 1992

Article 25

(4) Freedom to express convictions or impart information shall be incompatible with criminal actions - the instigation of national, racial, religious, or social hatred, violence, or discrimination, the dissemination of slander, or misinformation.
Article 26
(1) Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion shall not be restricted.
(2) Every person shall have the right to freely choose any religion or faith and, either individually or with others, in public or in private, to manifest his or her religion or faith in worship, observance, practice or teaching.
(3) No person may coerce another person or be subject to coercion to adopt or profess any religion or faith.
(4) A person's freedom to profess and propagate his or her religion or faith may be subject only to those limitations prescribed by law and only when such restrictions are necessary to protect the safety of society, public order, a person's health or morals, or the fundamental rights and freedoms of others.
(5) Parents and legal guardians shall have the liberty to ensure the religious and moral education of their children in conformity with their own convictions.
Article 27
A person's convictions, professed religion or faith may justify neither the commission of a crime nor the violation of law.
Article 29
(2) A person may not have his rights restricted in any way, or be granted any privileges, on the basis of his or her sex, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, religion, convictions, or opinions.
Article 38
(4) The State shall register marriages, births, and deaths. The State shall also recognize marriages registered in church.
Article 40
(1) State and local government establishments of teaching and education shall be secular. At the request of parents, they shall offer classes in religious instruction.
Article 43
(1) The State shall recognize traditional Lithuanian churches and religious organizations, as well as other churches and religious organizations provided that they have a basis in society and their teaching and rituals do not contradict morality or the law.
(2) Churches and religious organizations recognized by the State shall have the rights of legal persons.
(3) Churches and religious organizations shall freely proclaim the teaching of their faith, perform the rituals of their belief, and have houses of prayer, charity institutions, and educational institutions for the training of priests of their faith.
(4) Churches and religious organizations shall function freely according to their canons and statutes.
(5) The status of churches and other religious organizations in the State shall be established by agreement or by law.
(6) The teachings proclaimed by churches and other religious organizations, other religious activities, and houses of prayer may not be used for purposes which contradict the Constitution and the law.
(7) There shall not be a State religion in Lithuania.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Lithuania is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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