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Netherlands - Constitution

Adopted on: 17 Feb 1983 (Document Status: 1989)

Article 1 [Equality]

All persons in the Netherlands shall be treated equally in equal circumstances. Discrimination on the grounds of religion, belief, political opinion, race, or sex or on any other grounds whatsoever shall not be permitted.
Article 6 [Religion, Belief]
(1) Everyone shall have the right to manifest freely his religion or belief, either individually or in community with others, without prejudice to his responsibility under the law.
(2) Rules concerning the exercise of this right other than in buildings and enclosed places may be laid down by Act of Parliament for the protection of health, in the interest of traffic and to combat or prevent disorders.
Article 23 [Education]
(3) Education provided by public authorities shall be regulated by Act of Parliament, paying due respect to everyone's religion or belief.
(5) The standards required of schools financed either in part or in full from public funds shall be regulated by Act of Parliament, with due regard, in the case of private schools, to the freedom to provide education according to religious or other belief.
[Chapter 9] Additional Articles
Article 4
The following provision shall remain in force until such time as statutory measures provide otherwise:
'The stipends, pensions and other forms of income of any sort received by various religious denominations or their ministers shall continue to be paid to the said denominations. Ministers who do not receive a stipend from public funds, or who receive one that is insufficient, may be awarded a stipend or their existing stipend may be increased.'
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of the Netherlands is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 

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