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Norway - Constitution

Adopted on: 17 May 1814 (Document Status: 29 Feb 1996)
Official Title: The Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway

Article 2 [Religion, State Religion]

(1) All inhabitants of the Realm shall have the right to free exercise of their religion.
(2) The Evangelical-Lutheran religion shall remain the official religion of the State. The inhabitants professing it are bound to bring up their children in the same.
Article 4 [Religion of the King]
The King shall at all times profess the Evangelical-Lutheran religion, and uphold and protect the same.
Article 12 [Council of State]
(2) More than half the number of the Members of the Council of State shall profess the official religion of the State.
Article 16 [Public Worship]
The King ordains all public church services and public worship, all meetings and assemblies dealing with religious matters, and ensures that public teachers of religion follow the norms prescribed for them.
Article 27 [Quorum and Attendance of the Council of State]
(2) A Member of the Council of State who does not profess the official religion of the State shall not take part in proceedings on matters which concern the State Church.
Article 100 [Press, Expression]
There shall be liberty of the Press. No person may be punished for any writing, whatever its contents, which he has caused to be printed or published, unless he wilfully and manifestly has either himself shown or incited others to disobedience to the laws, contempt of religion, morality or the constitutional powers, or resistance to their orders, or has made false and defamatory accusations against anyone. Everyone shall be free to speak his mind frankly on the administration of the State and on any other subject whatsoever.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Norway is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 

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