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Paraguay - Constitution

Adopted on: 20 June 1992

Article 24 Religious and Ideological Freedom

(1) Freedom of religion, worship, and ideology is hereby recognized without any restrictions other than those established in this Constitution and the law. The State has no official religion. 
(2) Relations between the State and the Catholic Church are based on independence, cooperation, and autonomy. 
(3) The independence and autonomy of all churches and religious denominations, without restrictions other than those imposed by this Constitution and the law, are hereby guaranteed. 
(4) No one may be disturbed, questioned, or forced to give testimony by reason of his beliefs or ideology.
Article 37 The Right to Conscientious Objection 
The right to conscientious objection for ethical or religious reasons is hereby recognized for those cases in which this Constitution and the law permits.
Article 43 The Right to Asylum 
(1) Paraguay recognizes the right to territorial and diplomatic asylum to anyone persecuted for political reasons or for related common crimes or for his opinions or beliefs. Government authorities will have to immediately issue the respective personal and safe-conduct documents. 
Article 63 Ethnic Identity 
The right of Indian peoples to preserve and to develop their ethnic identity in their respective habitat is hereby recognized and guaranteed. They also have the right to freely apply their systems to political, socioeconomic, cultural, and religious organizations, and to voluntarily observe customary practices in their domestic coexistence as long as they do not violate the fundamental rights established by this Constitution. Indian customary rights will be taken into account when deciding conflicts of jurisdiction.
Article 74 The Right to Learn and the Freedom To Teach 
The right to learn and to have equal access opportunities to the benefits of humanistic culture, science, and technology, without any discrimination, is hereby guaranteed. 
Freedom to teach, without any requirement other than having ethical integrity and being competent for the job, as well as the right to have a religious education and ideological pluralism are also guaranteed.
Article 82 Recognition of the Catholic Church 
The role played by the Catholic Church in the historical and cultural formation of the Republic is hereby recognized.
Article 88 Nondiscrimination 
No discrimination will be permitted against workers for reasons of race, sex, age, religion, social status, political, or union preference. 
Special protection will be given to the work of physically or mentally handicapped individuals.
Article 197 Causes of Ineligibility 
The following cannot be candidates for deputies or senators: 
5) Ministers or clergymen of any religion;
Article 235 Causes for Ineligibility 
The following are ineligible to run as candidates for president or vice president of the Republic: 
5) Ministers or clergymen of any religion;
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Paraguay is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 

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