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Russian Federation - Constitution

Adopted on: 12 Dec 1993

Article 13 

(1) Ideological plurality shall be recognized in the Russian Federation. 
(2) No ideology may be instituted as a state-sponsored or mandatory ideology. 
(5) The establishment and the activities of public associations, whose aims and actions are directed at forcible alteration of the fundamentals of constitutional governance and violation of the integrity of the Russian Federation and undermining of the security of the state, the forming of armed units, the incitement of social, racial, national and religious strife shall be prohibited.
Article 14 
(1) The Russian Federation shall be a secular state. No religion may be instituted as state-sponsored or mandatory religion. 
(2) Religious associations shall be separated from the state, and shall be equal before the law.
Article 19 
(2) The state shall guarantee the equality of rights and liberties regardless of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property or employment status, residence, attitude to religion, convictions, membership of public associations or any other circumstance. Any restrictions of the rights of citizens on social, racial, national, linguistic or religious grounds shall be forbidden.
Article 28 
Everyone shall be guaranteed the right to freedom of conscience, to freedom of religious worship, including the right to profess, individually or jointly with others, any religion, or to profess no religion, to freely choose, possess and disseminate religious or other beliefs, and to act in conformity with them.
Article 29 
(2) Propaganda or campaigning inciting social, racial, national or religious hatred and strife is impermissible. The propaganda of social, racial, national, religious or language superiority is forbidden. 
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Russia is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 
 


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