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Slovak Republic - Constitution

Adopted on: 1 Sep 1992

Article 1 

The Slovak Republic is a sovereign, democratic, and law-governed state. It is not linked to any ideology or religious belief.
Article 12 [Equality] 
(1) People are free and equal in dignity and their rights. Basic rights and liberties are inviolable, inalienable, secured by law, and unchallengeable. 
(2) Basic rights and liberties on the territory of the Slovak Republic are guaranteed to everyone regardless of sex, race, color of skin, language, creed and religion, political or other beliefs, national or social origin, affiliation to a nation or ethnic group, property, descent, or another status. No one must be harmed, preferred, or discriminated against on these grounds.
Article 24 [Freedom of Religion] 
(1) The freedoms of thought, conscience, religion, and faith are guaranteed. This right also comprises the possibility to change one's religious belief or faith. Everyone has the right to be without religious belief. Everyone has the right to publicly express his opinion. 
(2) Everyone has the right to freely express his religion or faith on his own or together with others, privately or publicly, by means of divine and religious services, by observing religious rites, or by participating in the teaching of religion. 
(3) Churches and religious communities administer their own affairs. In particular, they constitute their own bodies, inaugurate their clergymen, organize the teaching of religion, and establish religious orders and other church institutions independently of state bodies. 
(4) Conditions for exercising rights according to Sections (1)-(3) can be limited only by law, if such a measure is unavoidable in a democratic society to protect public order, health, morality, or the rights and liberties of others.
Article 25 
(2) No one must be forced to perform military service if this runs counter to his conscience or religious belief. The details will be specified in a law.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Slovakia is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 

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