UNESCO Social and Human Sciences
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Thailand - Constitution

Adopted in: 1997 
Official Title: Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand

Section 5 [] 

The Thai people, irrespective of their origins, sexes or religions, shall enjoy equal protection under this Constitution.
Section 9 [] 
The King is a Buddhist and Upholder of religions.
Section 30 [] 
All persons are equal before the law and shall enjoy equal protection under the law. 
Men and women shall enjoy equal rights. 
Unjust discrimination against a person on the grounds of the difference in origin, race, language, sex, age, physical or health condition, personal status, economic or social standing, religious belief, education or constitutionally political view, shall not be permitted. 
Measures determined by the State in order to eliminate obstacle to or to promote persons' ability to exercise their rights and liberties as other persons shall not be deemed as unjust discrimination under paragraph three.
Section 38 [] 
A person shall enjoy full liberty to profess a religion, a religious sect or creed, and observe religious precepts or exercise a form of worship in accordance with his or her belief; provided that it is not contrary to his or her civic duties, public order or good morals. 
In exercising the liberty referred to in paragraph one, a person is protected from any act of the State, which is derogatory to his or her rights or detrimental to his or her due benefits on the grounds of professing a religion, a religious sect or creed or observing religious precepts or exercising a form of worship in accordance with his or her different belief from that of others.
Section 66 [] 
Every person shall have a duty to uphold the Nation, religions, the King and the democratic regime of government with the King as Head of the State under this Constitution.
Section 73 [] 
The State shall patronise and protect Buddhism and other religions, promote good understanding and harmony among followers of all religions as well as encourage the application of religious principles to create virtue and develop the quality of life.
Section 106 [] 
A person under any of the following prohibitions on the election day is disfranchised: 
1) being of unsound mind or of mental infirmity; 
2) being a Buddhist priest, novice, monk or clergy; 
3) being detained by a warrant of the Court or by a lawful order; 
4) being under suspension of the right to vote.
Note: Further information on the constitutional background of Thailand is provided by the International Constitutional Law Project at the University of Wuerzburg. 

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