Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation
in Europe (CSCE)
The Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation
in Europe was sigend in Helsinki on 1 August 1975.
1(a) Declaration on Principles Guiding Relations between Participating
VII. Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms,including
the freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief
1. The participating States will respect human rights and fundamental
freedoms, including the freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief,
for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion.
Co-operation in Humanitarian and Other Fields
3. Within this framework the participating States will recognize and
respect the freedom of the individual to profess and practice, alone or
in community with others, religion or belief acting in accordance with
the dictates of his own conscience.
1. Human Contacts
Source: A full
text version of the Helsinki Final Act can be found on the Internet
site of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe.
(d) Travel for Personal or Professional Reasons
The participating States intend to facilitate wider travel by their
citizens for personal or professional reasons and to this end they intend
- gradually to simplify and to administer flexibly the procedures for
exit and entry;
- to ease regulations concerning movement of citizens from the
other participating States in their territory, with due regard to security
They will endeavour gradually to lower, where necessary, the
fees for visas and official travel documents.
They intend to consider, as necessary, means - including, in
so far as appropriate, the conclusion of multilateral or bilateral consular
conventions or other relevant agreements or understandings - for the improvement
of arrangements to provide consular services, including legal and consular
* * *
They confirm that religious faiths, institutions and organizations, practising
within the constitutional framework of the participating States, and their
representatives can, in the field of their activities, have contacts and
meetings among themselves and exchange information.