|This Best Practice is one of
Best Practices for Human Settlements
presented in the MOST Clearing House
Best Practices Database.
The project presented is assignable to the field of examples "miscellaneous individual construction projects". As such, it influences the regional settlement development of the town area of Kiel-Mettenhof. It has a sustained influence on the development of that town area because efforts are made with this project to break through the anonymisation of living. This project is addressed to three groups of persons which are especially disadvantaged on the housing market: female single parents, families with children, and elderly people. With the help of a residential facility orientated to their special needs, these groups are put in a position to live in a neighbourhood organised by themselves, thus acting against elderly people getting lonesome on the one side, and against communalizing the cost caused by the special situation of single parents and families with children on the other. Supply and integration advantages for the different social groups are realised by this type of mixed utilisation.
The residential facility comprises 42 housing units in four three-storey buildings,
which are arranged in U-shape. The inner yard, placed away from the road, is entered
through a closed entrance hall. The yard is the access zone for all four houses , thus
constituting a central point of meeting and cooperation for the inhabitants. It is closed
by a separate single-storey common pavilion with multipurpose room, kitchen and sanitary
room. Utilisation and maintenance of the common-use facility are organised by the
inhabitants themselves. A children' s playground and seats exist in the inner yard, so
that communication between young and old is facilitated. At the entrance of each house
there are spaces to leave prams, toys, and bicycles. It is intended that contacts between
the different generations are intensified by the fact that all types of inhabitants are
represented in each house.
The dwellings for one to five persons with living spaces from 45 to 85 sqm consist of six one- and two-person units suitable for old-age people, 13 units for female single parents with one or two children each, 12 units for one- and two-person households, and 11 units for families with one to three children. The common pavilion has a useable area of 110 sqm. There are 39 parking spaces in all in the immediate vicinity of the housing estate.
The housing estate is integrated into a exciting living quarter. It is directly connected to the public traffic system. There are offers of child care, schools, sports facilities, care for old and sich people as well as every possible means of supply in walking distance.
Besides the intent of this model project to avoid social costs arising from the
disadvantagement of certain groups of people, from the anonymity existing in housing
estates and from the isolation particulary of elderly persons by creating a housing
structure in connection with an integrative structure of tenants, there is a second reason
for presenting this project as an example of developement at this point. This second
reason lies in the special type of planning and the cooperation with public authorities.
WOBAU Schleswig-Holstein, Mr. M. GÖrge
Federal Republic of Germany, County Schleswig-Holstein, Min. of Labour
Fed. Rep.of Germany, County Schleswig-Holstein, Min o. the Interior
Women Deputy of Kiel
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