GMR 2012 - Youth and skills: Putting education to work

The Pathways to Skills illustrated here can act as a tool for understanding skills development needs and the areas where policy action should be targeted. The illustration shows the three main types of skills that all young people need – foundation, transferable, and technical and vocational skills – and the contexts in which they may be acquired. One side shows formal general education and its extension, technical and vocational education. The other side shows skills training opportunities for those who have missed out on formal schooling, ranging from a second chance to acquire foundation skills to work-based training, including apprenticeships and farm-based training. Those without skills, represented at the base of the illustration, often have to make do with subsistence-level work, for wages that trap them in poverty. The uppermost level represents those whose accumulated skills enable them advance to higher education or entrepreneurial opportunities, and better-paid work.


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