The Education Sector in UNESCO Liaison Office in Addis Ababa focuses mainly on primary and secondary education within Ethiopia with girls’ education being one of the specific target groups. The CAP EFA program Ethiopia is one of the key education program implemented. HIV/AIDS is another priority area for the education sector at UNESCO Addis Ababa where a plan of action is being currently followed.
Teacher Education Curriculum Review
In December, UNESCO curriculum review wasconducted using the International Guidance on SexualityEducation based on the mapping study on sixselected pre-service teacher training institutes andSexuality Educator Result Assessment.A workshop for educators in the city of Adamawas organized in November to solicit feedback from32 pre-service primary teacher education institutions,10 pre-service secondary teacher training higherlearning institutes and 11 education bureau regionaloffices.The input gathered from the workshop was usedto devise strategy to address the gaps identified. Thecurriculum was reviewed and report was submitted onhow to incorporate sexuality education in pre-serviceteacher education in Ethiopia.“The next steps will include revising the curriculum,preparing modules piloting the revised curriculumin two institutes and teaching educators thenew curriculum, “ says Seble Hailu, UNESCO NationalOfficer for HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia.
Gambella in UNESCO’s HIV/AIDS focus
UNESCO has organized a three day workshop in Gambella from 27 to 29 December 2012 for the education sector to take the lead role in preventing the young Ethiopian generation, as well as the educators, from HIV infection.According to HIV 2012 estimates and projections for Ethiopia, the HIV prevalence of the Gambella region is higher than in the eleven regional states and local administrations of Ethiopia.The 2011 adult prevalence of Gambella region was estimated to be 6.5% (4.3% male and 8.1% female)while the average national prevalence is 1.5%.The figure is higher in urban areas with the prevalence of 9.9 %(6.5% male and 12.4% female). The Ministry of Education developed HIV/AIDS Policy and Strategy in 2011 and familiarized it in each Ethiopian region.The last activity of the year was to introduce the HIV/AIDS Policy in the high prevalent region of Gambella on which the Education Sector currently focuses through its prevention strategy.
Secondary School Media Training
Within the Crowd Sourcing Girls’ Education Project UNESCO has organized a week long school media training with the aim to improve the knowledge and skills of teachers and students on the concept of media and its utilization at the school level.In total 36 participants from six pilot secondary schools from the Amhara and Benishangul-Gumz regions(2 principals, 2 teacher and 2 students from each) attended the workshop focused mainly on concepts of media, lettering and color mixing,poster and chart skill works, graph skill works, audio media and sound recording.The Crowd Sourcing Girls’ Education project is aimed at contributing towards sustainable gender equality through improved girls learning achievement at secondary schools. The project includes four pillars, among which, strengthening the school media skills is one. Hence, providing capacity building training for teachers and students has become essential to adequately employ the project intervention and bring about the intended project objectives.
Teacher’s Training in Debre Zeit City
Oromia Regional State Education Bureau with the technical support from UNESCO’s CapEFA program conducted a five day training workshop from March 22-26 on Teacher Management Information System (TMIS) at Debre Zeit town.The participants included 60 teacher development program and education management information system experts. The training focused on the use and supervision of TMIS, which is developed by the CapEFA program. Following the training, the experts will oversee the implementation of TMIS within their respective districts.
Training of Teachers and Directors on Sexuality, Gender and Reproductive Health
UNESCO Liaison Office organized a training on sexuality, gender, sexual reproductive health, and sexuality education issues in Bahir Dar from April 1-5 for 43 participants from 13 secondary schools in Amhara and Benshangul Gumuz regions.“The main objective of the training was to reinforce HIV programs in these schools, which are supported by Crowd Sourcing Girls Education Project,through strengthening the sexuality and reproductive health component and availing learning materials so that the trained teachers would cascade the training to students,” says Seble Hailu, UNESCO Liaison Office National Officer for HIV/AIDS.A training manual and leaflets were distributed to teachers for further reference so that they can easily tailor the training to students and strengthen the HIV/AIDS issue for example through Girls Clubs.
“Strategies for the Improvement of the Status of Literacy Teaching Personnel” Workshop
An international workshop titled “Strategies for the Improvement of the Status of Literacy Teaching Personnel” was held in Addis Ababa from March 25-29, 2013. The workshop was organized by UNESCOUIL and co-organized by UNESCO Liaison Office Addis Ababa, UNESCO-IICBA, DVV International office and collaboratively with Federal Ministry of Education Ethiopia.Over 60 directors of literacy agencies, government personnel in charge of teacher training, and heads of civil society organizations involved in literacy training from seven countries (Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan,Egypt, Afghanistan, Indonesia and Nepal) attended and gained insights into the situation of literacy facilitators,and identified ways to improve the status of literacy facilitators.The objectives of the workshop were to document the status a conditions of adult literacy teachers,share best practices with other countries, and identify key priority areas for action and to develop a country strategy for the improvement of the status of literacy facilitators. There are 775 million illiterate adults around the world. Ethiopia, for example, has 27 million adults who lack basic skills of reading and writing.The main outputs of the workshop were draft action plans with concrete timelines and indicators,which each country team developed based on the discussion sheld and inputs given.
UNESCO’s Field Visit to Secondary Schools
Education Department representatives fromthe UNESCO Liaison Office in Addis Ababa visitedseven secondary schools in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region in Ethiopia to observe and assesstheir status as the schools are targeted and supportedby UNESCO under the Crowd Sourcing Girls’Education Project.“We discussed with the school principals,teachers, girls and members of the Parent-TeacherAssociation (PTA) and we found out that the trendof girls’ enrollment has been improving in thesetarget schools despite the socio-cultural issues suchas early marriage, girls’ domestic chores and longdistance travel to school,” says Demelash Zenebe,UNESCO Liaison Office Coordinator for the Girls’Education Project.Apart from the above mentioned issues, sexualand reproductive health matters, as well as lackof sanitary facilities in the schools, were among themajor factors deterring girls’ education in theseschools. The goal of the UNESCO Project is to alleviatethe undesirable situation through technicaland financial support. For example, supporting tutorialprograms, strengthening girls’ clubs and promotinggender issues and creating separate sanitaryfacilities at schools for boys and girls.
Two HIV/AIDS studies conducted by UNESCO
Ethiopian schools, technical and vocational education training institutes, colleges, and universities have a task to develop strategies to protect the lives of students and other stakeholders who are not yet infected with HIV and also to support and protect human rights of those who live with the virus.
In line with this task, and from funds obtained from UNAIDS, Program Acceleration Fund and OPEC Fund for International Development, two studies were conducted by UNESCO to assess the current HIV/AIDS and gender responses of the higher educational institutions and to document good practices on HIV/AIDS and gender interventions in order to develop strategies based on the existing responses.
The two studies were published in October, each in 300 copies, and handed over to the Ethiopian Ministry of Education which is responsible for further distribution to the higher educational institutions. First publication is entitled - Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS: Assessment on Responses of Higher Education Institutions to HIV/AIDS and Gender in Ethiopia and the second one is entitled - Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS: Learning from good practices in Ethiopia.