World Heritage


Positioned on the historical trade routes of the Middle East, Jordan has been home to a mix of cultures and religions throughout time. UNESCO is focused on enhancing the management framework at Jordan's World Heritage properties and further protecting the country's heritage, in line with the 1972 Convention.

The UNESCO Amman office provides technical assistance to Jordan’s national authorities to enhance the management and preservation of cultural and natural heritage sites registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List as well as those sites on the Tentative List.

Within this framework, the following objectives are being achieved:

  • In the framework of the specialized technical assistance provided by UNESCO to the national authorities for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention, and in coordination with the Petra Archaeological Park and the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, the UNESCO Amman office has been engaged in supporting the elaboration of an Integrated Management Plan for Petra, since mid-2015. The Plan shall act as a practical operational guide to establishing an appropriate balance between the needs of cultural and natural resources, conservation, tourism, access, sustainable economic development and the interests of the local community.
  • Technical Assistance for the Um Er-Rasas Site Management Plan;
  • Technical Assistance for the Road Map leading to the development of a World Heritage nomination file for the Al Salt site.

Currently, five sites in Jordan are inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List:

  • Petra (1985) Wonder of the world where ancient Eastern traditions meet Hellenistic architecture through the marvelous remains of the Nabataean civilization.
  • Qusair Amra (1985) Exceptional testimony to the Umayyad civilization.
  • Um Er-Rasas (2004) Ancient Byzantine churches and mosaic floors representing a masterpiece of human creative genius.
  • Wadi Rum (2011) Stunning desert landscape witness to 12,000 years of human interaction, famous ancient petroglyphs and inscriptions.
  • Baptism Site “Bethany Beyond the Jordan” (2015) The place where Jesus is said to have been baptized, alongside the remains of Roman and Byzantine churches and chapels.
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