Petra Siq Stability: Mitigation of Immediate Hazards in the Siq of Petra (Phase II)


Petra is one of the world’s richest and largest archaeological sites set in a dominating red sandstone landscape and was inscribed in the World Heritage List in 1985 in light of its “Outstanding Universal Value”. The 'Siq' is a 1.2km, naturally formed gorge that snakes through the sandstone cliffs, serving as the main entrance to the site. Due to its unique geological and cultural landscape, Petra’s 'Siq' is a fragile site impacted by several natural and geological hazards, as rock falls, earthquakes, floods, weathering.

The Italian-funded project entitled, “Siq Stability – Mitigation of Immediate Hazards in the Siq of Petra”, (Phase II) aims to prevent and mitigate landslide risks. The project is implemented by the UNESCO Amman Office in partnership with the Petra Archaeological Park, the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, Jordanian and international experts in the field of landslide risk preparedness and mitigation.

The overarching project objectives are:

  1. Implementing landslide risk mitigation measures (debris and small blocks removal) in the 'Siq' and contributing to ensuring tourist and monument safety;
  2. Increasing awareness on landslide risks affecting the 'Siq' among the relevant authorities, the local community and the tourist population;
  3. Developing capacities among the national authorities and the local community to address landslide risks and implement mitigation measures at the site.

Project Accomplishments:

  • 7 missions carried out to implement landslide risk mitigation measures in the 'Siq';
  • 1 local climbing company engaged in the implementation of the works;
  • 2 rangers, 2 local community members and 2 key government representatives trained in climbing skills useful for the removal of unstable blocks from the slopes of the 'Siq';
  • 1 awareness-raising program carried out among the relevant national authorities, the local community and the tourist population.
  • 150 children and youth from the local communities engaged in an awareness-raising program to learn about the significance of the site, its characteristic geological features, and the natural risks impacting the site and what to do to better protect it.
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