30.04.2019 - UNESCO Office in Brasilia

CNMP launches Report with the portrait of the violence against communicators in Brazil

The Presidency of the National Council of the Public Prosecutor’s Office (Conselho Nacional do Ministério Público – CNMP) and the National Strategy of Justice and Public Safety (Estratégia Nacional de Justiça e Segurança Pública – ENASP), in partnership with the Representation in Brazil of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO in Brazil), host an event to celebrate the World Press Freedom Day (3 May) this Tuesday, 30 April, 2019, at 1:30 PM. Taken place in the headquarters of CNMP in Brasilia, the meeting will launch the Report on the violence against communicators in Brazil in the last 20 years entitled “Violência contra comunicadores no Brasil: um retrato da apuração nos últimos 20 anos”. The Report includes information on the cases of Brazilian journalists killed in the last 23 years.

The Portuguese version of the Executive Summary of the Report of de Director-General of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay, on the killing of journalists all over the world, entitled “Punish the crime, not the truth: highlights from the 2018 UNESCO Director-General’s report on the safety of journalists and the danger of impunity” will also be disseminated during the ceremony.

The live webcasted event will have as its target audience journalists, members of the public institutions that deal with the topic, civil society organizations and interested international agencies. It is not necessary to make prior registration.

The opening ceremony will be chaired by the Attorney General of the Republic and President of CNMP, Raquel Dodge, and by the Director and Representative of UNESCO in Brazil, Marlova Jovchelovitch Noleto, who will highlight some of the key results of the UNESCO’s Report on the safety of journalists. There will also be a lecture presented by the Secretary of Human Rights and Collective Defence at CNMP, Ivana Farina. At last, the ENASP Report on violence against communicators in Brazil will be presented by the Assistant Member at ENASP, Emmanuel Levenhagen.

The ENASP Report

The Report produced by ENASP includes information on cases of Brazilian communicators that were killed in the exercise of their profession from 1995 to 2018. Sixty-four episodes were registered during this period, which are shown in the document sorted by state, year and status of the cases (ongoing, not solved, partially solved, solved, or no information available).

“The Report represents a concrete action and an important step forward made by CNMP with the objective of overcoming the sad scenario presented. The analytical data included in the document identifies possible failures and omissions in the criminal prosecution of these crimes. Revealing these errors will enable the Public Prosecutor’s Office, other institutions, and the organized civil society to correct them,” stated the ENASP Assistant Member, Emmanuel Levenhagen.

By publishing this Report, ENASP had the objective to map and consolidate information on the ongoing procedural progress of the cases of communicators murdered in the exercise of their profession. For the first time, the intention was to gather in a single publication official data of the Brazilian State on the judicial processes of homicides of media professionals.

From the information provided by the Brazilian states, where the crimes took place, ENASP tried to explain, on a case-by-case basis, the current situation of the respective judicial processes. The document discriminates the process’s number (or the police investigation number, depending on the case) aims at enabling the monitoring by whoever is interested on the topic. At the end of the report, based on the total data, it is sought to understand if there were in fact impunity in the investigation of these murders, as well as if there are possible institutional failures to be repaired (whether in the investigation or in the flow of the judicial process).

ENASP relied on official documents. Its sources were information provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, studies carried out by the Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office and  the Public Prosecutor’s Office in the states, UNESCO publications, as well as surveys conducted directly on the digital platforms of the Courts of Justice of the Brazilian states.

Finally, in some cases, it was necessary to harvest information disseminated by media companies in news stories made available on the internet. All sources are included in the Report.

UNESCO Report’s executive summary

The UNESCO document “Punish the crime not the truth” addresses the killing of journalists and communicators worldwide. The document includes in a series of data that a journalist was murdered every four days in 2016-2017. It shows that the homicides happened in all regions of the planet. The study makes clear the great risks that communicators have been taking while exercising their profession.

The reader will also notice that some of these fatal attacks took place in countries that previously were not affected by extreme acts of violence against journalists, and that in the last years, there have been an increase in the number of deaths outside the areas of armed conflict. Besides, many of these professionals were working with themes related to corruption, drug traffic and political irregularities. According to the observations of past years, local journalists continue to represent the great majority of the victims.

“The UNESCO Director-General’s Report is a result of the commitment of the Organization with its Member States in relation to the safety of journalists in the world. It is a very important subject for UNESCO,” said the Director and Representative of UNESCO in Brazil, Marlova Noleto. “In its Summary, which we are presenting today in Portuguese, Brazil is mentioned as a model of good practices in monitoring the crimes against journalists in a very clear reference of the work that the office has developed in partnership with CNMP since 2018”, she concludes.

Another relevant point presented by the Report is the increase on the percentage of women journalists among the professionals that were killed in 2017, marking the continuation of a trend that has become apparent in recent years. The document also brings other important information such as the years in which there were more deaths; the segregation of homicides by country and by type of media; and the status of judicial inquiries of murdered journalists from 2006 to the end of 2017.

The Executive Summary and the complete Report are available for free download:

Created in 2010 and the result of the joint initiative and work of CNMP, the Ministry of Justice and the National Council of Justice, the mission of ENASP is to make public safety programs more effective through the dialogue and cross-cutting articulation of the individuals involved in the Justice System.

Since its creation, ENASP has promoted the intersectional dialogue, counting on the participation of various stakeholders, including the civil society, for building and implementing actions that can contribute to the improvement of Justice.

About UNESCO in Brazil

UNESCO is one of the agencies of the United Nations System created to promote a Culture of Peace among the peoples of the world through action in the areas of Education, Sciences, Culture and Communication. The Organization is convinced that its areas of mandate have the power to promote a more just, inclusive, humane and sustainable world for all. In Brazil, UNESCO works through cooperation projects to improve the quality of education, eradicate poverty, promote respect for human rights, provide access to culture, promote freedom of expression and guarantee the fundamental rights.


Media contact:

  • UNESCO in Brazil:
    Ana Lúcia Guimarães, a.guimaraes(at)unesco.org, (61) 2106-3536 or (61) 99966-3287
    Fabiana Pullen, f.sousa(at)unesco.org, (61) 2106-3596 or (61) 99848-8971

<- Back to: Dynamic Content Single View
Back to top