30.07.2013 - UNESCO Office in Brasilia

Education sector responses to homophobic bullying in Portuguese (PDF only)


This volume of good policies and practices enables teachers, administrators, policy-makers and other education stakeholders to develop concrete actions to make education safer for all. It is everyone’s responsibility to make learning safer by stopping homophobic bullying now.

Homophobic bullying is a global problem. A violation of learners’ and teachers’ rights, it impedes our collective ability to achieve a quality Education for All. Yet until now, little attention has been paid to addressing its causes and effects. This is in part due to context-specific sensitivities and a lack of recognition and understanding of the problem.

Every day, learners around the world are denied the basic right to education because of bullying in school. Many parents and educators view bullying at school as ‘normal’, but the United Nations World Report on Violence against Children in 2006 showed that bullying is a serious educational problem. The report points out that sexual and gender-based violence and bullying is directed against girls by male teachers and classmates and also against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) young people. Research shows that sexual and gender-based bullying affects any learners perceived as not conforming to prevailing sexual and gender norms, including those who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or intersex. This specific type of bullying, referred to as homophobic bullying, has serious repercussions for education. It violates the right to education and undermines educational achievement. Homophobic bullying occurs in all countries regardless of beliefs or cultures. Just as discrimination based on race, sex, colour, disability or religion is unacceptable, so is discrimination based on sexual orientation and actual or perceived gender identity. All learners have an equal right to quality education in a safe school environment.

This volume was produced by UNESCO’s Section of HIV and Health Education, and was written by Kathy Attawell, consultant. It was initiated by Mark Richmond (retired Director, Division of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development and UNESCO Global Coordinator for HIV and AIDS) and completed by the current Director, Division of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development and UNESCO Global Coordinator for HIV and AIDS, Soo Hyang Choi.

Title in Portuguese: Respostas do Setor de Educação ao bullying homofóbico

Brasilia: UNESCO, 2013. 59 p.

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