23.01.2014 - UNESCO Office in Brasilia

International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust – 27 January

27 January marks the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi German Concentration and Extermination Camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau by the Soviet troops in 1945. This date was proclaimed International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust by the United Nations General Assembly. This year's theme is "Journeys through the Holocaust".

The Holocaust was a defining moment in the history of humanity. The Nazi regime and its collaborators systematically murdered about six million Jewish men, women and children during the Second World War, in a continent-wide programme of destruction of all Jewish communities that would fall within its grasp. Driven by a fundamentally racist ideology, Nazi Germany also persecuted and killed millions of other people (Roma and Sinti, some of the Slavic people, and the disabled)  because they were considered as “racially inferior”, and others because of political, ideological or behavioural reasons.

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