04.07.2018 - UNESCO Office in Brasilia

O Caranguejo-uçá e o camarão regional-da-amazônia no Estado do Pará: as cadeias de valor da pesca artesanal de camarão e caranguejo na Costa Amazônica do Brasil; contexto social, econômico, ambiental e produtivo

This is the thrid volume of the series presented by the Sustainable Fisheries Project on the Amazon Coast (PeSCA), a partnership between Fundo Vale and UNESCO in cooperation with CSF-Brasil and Mitsui Bossan do Brasil Foundation. Its objective is to promote and support the sustainable development of artisanal fishing value chains of various species of crab and shrimp in municipalities in the states of Maranhão, Amapá and Pará. This region of the Brazilian Amazon, rich in coastal and marine biodiversity, is home to the largest continuous stretch of mangroves on the planet and extends over 1,500 km.

For uçá-crab production chain among the communities assisted by the PeSCA Project in Pará, crab fishermen, the "caranguejeiros", have peculiar working relationships and use very specific goods, inputs, techniques and equipment, so they must specialize to accumulate the necessary knowledge and skills to derive their livelihood from this resource. In addition, there are large differences between communities in the process of catching and processing crabs. Each locality defends its technique, which is strongly linked to the local culture, so that disputes and conflicts related to the use of considered predatory techniques often occur. Pará is the state that brings together the largest number of women fisherwomen in the country. However, in the context of shrimp and crab fishing, female participation in the production chain has specificities in the division of labour by gender. Crab fishing in the mangroves is predominantly a male activity. According to the people interviewed, the main environmental problems were the reduction of fish and water pollution. Their daily activities depend on the temporality of nature, as they develop the necessary interaction with natural cycles and the exploitation of different resources, especially fruits such as açaí, tucumã and taperebá, which contribute to the livelihood of families.

(Serie Pesca Sustentável na Costa Amazônica, 3)

Brasilia: Fundo Vale, 2018. 256 p. il. ISBN: 978-85-65906-04-3

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