Documentary collections of Brazil inscribed in the Memory of World Register

List of documentary heritage submitted by Brazil and inscribed in the Memory of the World Register.

Architectural Archive of Oscar Niemeyer

Documentary heritage submitted by Brazil and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2013.

The collection consists of 8927 documents, with boards of sketches sets, boards of architectural albums and boards of technical drawings which form a valuable record of the work of an artist who marked the international architecture of the twentieth century. In addition to primary research sources, many of these documents are true works of art. The sketches and albums are original documents, rare and almost entirely unique. They not only bring traces of free curves and poetic that marked the work of Niemeyer, but also reveal the architect's working method.

  • Year of submission: 2012
  • Year of inscription: 2013
  • Country: Brazil

Documents regarding the Emperor D. Pedro II's journeys in Brazil and abroad

© Museu Imperial
Documents regarding the Emperor d. Pedro II's journeys in Brazil and abroad - Project logotype.

Documentary heritage submitted by Brazil and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2013.

Journeys of the Emperor between 1840 and 1913. D. Pedro II undertook various journeys during the 49 years of his reign, through Brazil and four continents, getting to know new territories and other cultures. The documents are prime sources written and received by d. Pedro II during a period of profound historic changes that relate to cultural referentials of modernity, from the perspective of a privileged observer - the Emperor of Brazil - and his interlocutors, mostly intellectuals. They reveal aspects of the thinking, the scientific discoveries, the cultural diversity and the political passions, as well as analyzing diplomatic relations between Brazil and countries from different continents.

  • Year of submission: 2012
  • Year of inscription: 2013
  • Country: Brazil

Dutch West India Company (Westindische Compagnie) Archives

Documentary heritage submitted by the Netherlands, Brazil, Ghana, Guyana, Netherlands Antilles, Suriname, United Kingdom and United States of America and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2011.

The DWIC archives are primary resources for researching the history of the European expansion into West Africa and America. The records concern various themes such as commerce and slave trade, warfare, early modern diplomacy, plantation cultures and daily life issues. Moreover the DWIC archives contain information on the history of the regions where the DWIC founded colonies and trading posts. In many instances there is no other written information available for that period. The DWIC archives comprise of unique information that is important for the history of Brazil, Ghana, Guyana, the Netherlands, the Netherlands Antilles, Suriname and the United States and therefore have a great international value.

The Emperor's collection: foreign and Brazilian photography in the XIX century

Documentary heritage submitted by Brazil and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2003.

This is a unique collection of nineteenth-century photographs, assembled by one individual throughout his lifetime and deposited in a national library where it is kept and every effort is being made to preserve it. It is the largest collection of photographs in Latin America: an accurate portrait of the nineteenth century, reflecting customs, intellectual and industrial developments at the time it was put together. The collection has remained intact throughout its existence. It is the Thereza Christina Maria photograph collection: 21,742 photos left to the National Library of Brazil by Emperor Pedro II in 1891. The collection is made up of photographs of different types and formats.

It took some 50 years to build a genuine contribution to the study of nineteenth-century customs and life in several parts of the world. With regard to the history of photography the collection includes works by the first photographers in the world. In this respect, its originality is priceless.
The collection is housed in the National Library of Brazil and forms part of the history of the Brazilian people, whose changing circumstances throughout the nineteenth century it reflects.

Its unique historical value has been recognized through the major exhibitions of photographs from the collection held in Lisbon, Porto and Buenos Aires. These exhibitions have had a tremendous effect; other countries including France and the United States have already expressed their interest in the collection and, in particular, the prospect of hosting it.

  • Year of submission: 2003
  • Year of inscription: 2003
  • Country: Brazil

Network of information and counter information on the military regime in Brazil (1964-1985)

© Arquivo Nacional
Syntheses for classes of Escola Nacional de Informações (EsNI)

Documentary heritage submitted by Brazil and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2011.

This unique and irreplaceable set of 17 fonds is essential for the construction of the history of exception regimes in Latin America in the second half of the 20th century and for the protection of human rights. It is an indispensable source for knowledge of military government policies and actions. Brazilian historiography of that period, for so long restricted to reports of militants in clandestine organizations and private archives, can now be enhanced by research based on new documents, objects and approaches. It covers information produced by the network of information and counter information on the military regime in Brazil (1964-1985), which today are under custodianship of several public archival institutions in the country. It is linked to other Latin America countries that went through exception regimes, such as Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay.

  • Year of submission: 2010
  • Year of inscription : 2011
  • Country: Brazil
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