Cultural Heritage in Brazil
Cultural heritage is fundamental to peoples' memory, identity and creativity and the richness of cultures.
- World Cultural Heritage: consists of monuments, groups of buildings or sites which have exceptional and universal historical, aesthetic, archaeological, scientific, ethnological or anthropological value.
- World Natural Heritage: consists of physical, biological and geological outstanding formations, habitats of endangered animal and plant species and areas that have scientific, conservation or exceptional and universal aesthetic value.
In this sense, UNESCO works driven by the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972), which recognizes that certain places on Earth are of "outstanding universal value" and should form part of the common heritage of humankind.
The work of World Heritage in Brazil has meant fruitful collaborations with federal, state and local governments and with civil society. Today, the country has nineteen sites inscribed on the World Heritage List, recognized by their exceptional and universal value to the humanity culture.