Education for All in Brazil

© UNESCO

Education is a basic human right and is essential for the exercise of all other rights. Yet there are still 774 million illiterate in the world and 57 million children are still out of primary school, and many more young and adult women and men are not learning what they need to know to lead healthy fulfilling lives.

Because of a combination of factors - such as poverty, gender inequality, geographic isolation and minority status - quality education is a distant dream for many notably for girls from poor households in rural areas. They are among the children facing the greatest barriers to education.

One of UNESCO’s main responsibilities is to advocate for the right of every girl and boy, young and adult woman and man, to quality education throughout life – regardless of the setting (formal, non-formal or informal).

Education for All in Brazil

Brazil is ranked among the 53 countries that have not achieved – and are not about to achieve – the Education for All Goals by 2015. Although the country has reported significant advances in the field of universal education in the last two decades.

Brazil has achieved the following advances in the last two decades:

  • Access to primary and lower secondary education has become almost universal. 94.4% of the population in the ages 7 to 14 is now included primary and lower secondary education.
  • The proportion of young people attending secondary education at the right age has doubled compared to that of 1995, showing a significant advance in the access to secondary education.
  • The rate of youth and adult illiteracy has been reduced.
  • Access to higher education has increased.

Along these lines, UNESCO can play a unique role in contributing to harmonizing educational statistics and disseminating such data around the world. UNESCO's contribution seems to be particularly critical for Brazil, as an E-9 country. Therefore, it still faces problems to achieve basic quality education for all, which is essencial:

  • to eradicate poverty,
  • to reduce infant mortality rates,
  • to control of population growth,
  • to achieve gender equalilty and
  • to assure sustainable development, peace and democracy

The Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR)

Published by UNESCO and developed by an independent team, the annual Education for All Global Monitoring Report monitors global progress towards the six Education for All goals. Each year the report presents evidence to inform policy makers on a specific topic issue such as reaching marginalized populations, conflict, skills for youth, or teaching and learning. The GMR draws on data from a variety of sources including the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, the leading source for international education statistics.

The 2013/4 Education for All Global Monitoring Report

The 2013/4 Education for All Global Monitoring Report will show why education is pivotal for development in a rapidly changing world. It will explain how investing wisely in teachers, and other reforms aimed at strengthening equitable learning, transform the long-term prospects of people and societies. Equity and quality education will be pivotal in the post 2015 agenda.

Launching event of the 2013/4 Report:

Monitoring Education Development

The Organization also coordinates an international movement in support of Education for All (EFA) and is responsible for monitoring the achievement of internationally agreed goals pertaining to education.

Looking beyond 2015 – the deadline set by the international community to achieve the EFA goals - UNESCO is also monitoring developments in education more broadly through research and by prompting international debates.

Normative instruments developed by the UN and UNESCO lay down international legal obligations for the right to education for all.

The Organization advocates for this right by monitoring its implementation, building capacities, and reporting on progress. UNESCO also helps countries develop legal frameworks as well as mobilizes global partners on issues relating to the right to education.

UNESCO coordinates the international efforts to reach the six EFA goals, working closely with governments, development agencies, civil society, academics and the private sector. As EFA lead agency, UNESCO focuses its activities on five key areas: policy dialogue, monitoring, advocacy, mobilisation of funding, and capacity development. Since 2011, UNESCO has also lead consultations on the post-2015 education agenda.

Rethinking Education

In addition to monitoring the state of education, UNESCO also functions as a “think tank” to guide global debates on the future of education. It does so by analyzing emerging development trends and their implications for education systems and for learning. It also reviews research on education policy and suggests strategic orientations for education policy development.

 

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