Evolution of Human Rights in Brazil
The Brazilian Constitution of 1988 established the most precious and detailed letter of rights in Brazilian History. It included the identification of civil, political, economical, social, and cultural rights, besides the precise collection of constitutional guarantees. This fact meant an enormous conceptual and legislative advancement in the promotion of human rights.
In 1993, the World Conference on Human Rights, taken place in Vienna, recommended that each Member States should prepare its human rights programme. In 1995, inspired by Vienna Recommendations, the Brazilian government promoted a broad consulting process to the civil society, in collaboration with specialists. After that, it initiated the National Human Rights Programme (Programa Nacional de Direitos Humanos – PNDH), which was concluded in 1996.
By having the constitutional rights conquered and a new legal and programmatic framework defined, human rights became a federal governmental commitment and this issue has been conducted as public policy ever since. With this initiative, Brazil became one of the first countries to answer to Vienna Recommendations.
- Promotion of Human Rights in Brazil: Secretariat of Human Rights in Brazil (SDH) (in Portuguese)