Peace and Human Security in Brazil

© UNDP in Brazil
UN Security with Citizenship Programme in Brazil

Poverty, inequality and social injustice are reflected in the continuous violation of human rights, including the right to life and to security. 

Violence is one of the issues that cause greatest concern in Brazilian society. Rates of violence and lack of security, especially in larger urban areas, have increased in the last couple of decades. Homicides are one of the main causes of death among men, and the main cause of death among youth between 15 and 39 years of age. Black men are the majority of violence victims.

  • From 1980 to 2002 Brazil reported 696,056 deaths from homicides 4 – a number that could be considered one of the most alarming in the world among countries with no civil war taking place.
  • Homicides in the age group of 0 to 19 years account for 16% (111,369) of that total. Most of the cases, 87.6% (97,559) are found in the age group of 15 to 19 year-olds.
  • In 2004, the rate of 27 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants ranks the Country as 4th among 84 countries. In that very same year the rate among adolescents and young people was much higher - up to 57.1 homicides per 100,000.
  • In 2005, on average, 23 children and adolescents were killed every day, totalling 8.4 thousand murders for that year. Of that total approximately 5,460 (equivalent to 65%) were Afro-descendent children.

From all these data, it can be said that violence chiefly affects the youthful segment of the population in Brazil.

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