Social Transformation in Brazil
Citizenship restricted to the few, poverty, lack of a culture of respect for human rights, racial discrimination and racism, lack of access to justice, chauvinism and inappropriate public security practices, all lead to extremely high rates of violence.
This scenario in Brazil can partially explain the low value to education and the high incidence of school drop-outs, favouring the occurrence of child labour and sexual exploitation of children and adolescents. In addition, to creating a significant contingent of youths with low schooling levels, little chance in the labour market and no prospects of breaking the perverse cycle of misery and inequality.
UNESCO intends to address the emerging social and ethical challenges and to translate them into a programme focused on reinforcing the links between research findings and public policy formulation, especially those aimed at eradicating poverty in urban areas; fighting racial and ethnic discrimination; combating youth violence; fostering physical education and sports; and the application of human rights to UNESCO actions in social development.
Besides, the Organisation intends to consolidate research networks involving UNESCO Chairs, university research centres and organisations like the Brazilian Analysis and Planning Centre (Centro Brasileiro de Análise e Planejamento – Cebrap), the National Social Science Post-Graduation and Research Association (Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Ciências Sociais - Anpocs) and regional centres like the Latin American Social Sciences Network (Clacso) and the Latin American Social Sciences College (Flacso), especially in regard to the Management of Social Transformations Programme (MOST) on topics like poverty reduction, youth, and sports.