Research Components (2006-2011)

©UNESCO / Ministry of water resources and Irrigation of Egypt
Uganda Bujagali Falls

UNESCO succeeded to secure funds (US$ 950,000) through the UNESCO/Flanders Science Fund-In-Trust cooperation.  The funds were based on the remarkable achievements of the FRIEND//Nile: Phase-I Project. 

The second phase has been launched in August 2006 and is progressively ongoing and covering the period 2006-2010.  It continues to serve as a platform for exchanging experience and hydrological knowledge between researchers and scientists in the Nile countries and the Flemish community.

The research themes focus on the use of models in view of the analysis of integrated water resources management guidelines or scenario’s.  Climate variability and land use changes are examples of management problems that can be addressed.  There are 5 research themes included which are:

  1. Hydrologic Modeling Component, coordinated by the University of Dar Es Salaam of Tanzania. The activities of this component include:
    1. Developing rainfall-runoff models for the available gauged catchments within the Nile Basin in view of the analysis of integrated water resources management guideline
    2. Investigating the impacts of land use change or climatic change on the river flow
    3. Studying surface/groundwater interactions, if necessary in view of the management problems
  2.  Erosion and Sediment Transport Modeling component, coordinated by the UNESCO-Chair in Water Resources of Sudan.  The main objectives of this component are to:
    1. Understand catchment erosion and sedimentation processes in the Nile with in the view of the analysis of integrated water resources management guidelines/scenarios
    2. Develop guide lines for erosion problems and watershed management in the Nile Basin
  3. Stochastic Modeling component, coordinated by the University of Nairobi of Kenya.  This component focuses on:
    1. Developing regional design procedures for estimating flood magnitudes for a given probability of exceedence at gauged and un-gauged sites in the Nile basin
    2. Analyzing daily river flow data for estimation of low flow magnitudes– duration– frequency relationships as well as drought analysis
  4. Ecohydrology Component, Coordinated by Makerere University of Uganda. The Overall Objective is to enhance the understanding of ecohydrological processes/functions within the Nile River Basin and their application in IWRM. The activities will comprise the following:
    1. Establish baseline information on eco-hydrology issues in the Nile Basin
    2. Identify the gaps on eco-hydrology issues and suggest ways to fill them
    3. Apply eco-hydrological models as management tools in IWRM
    4. Establish the water quality objectives for the Nile River Basin
  5. Integrated Water resources Management, coordinated by the Water Resources Research Institute of Egypt.  The activities of this component include:
    1. Develop the management scenario’s that will be investigated by the other “technical” themes
    2. Evaluating the results of the technical themes
    3. Ascertaining the coordination between the different technical themes
    4. Facilitating the access to data
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