Facts and figures

Preliminary findings of the Global Survey on Gender and Media

  • 96% answered that their government has national gender policies and/or strategies.
  • Only 26% stated that media is covered by governmental gender policies as to decision-making level of organizations.
  • Only 15% of governments have budget to promote gender equality in media staffing, and 29,6% of governments in media content.
  • 30% answered that policies to ensure gender balance in “Board(s) of Directors of publicly-owned media organizations” are in place.
  • 37% stated there have been reviews of existing gender policies of the publicly-owned media or audiovisual regulatory body/authority within the past three years.
  • 35% of governments indicated that they have mainstreamed media and gender issues by integrating media and gender in national cultural policies and programmes.
  • Only in 19% of countries, publicly-owned media have developed specific programmes to raise awareness on BDPfA, and only in 23,1% of countries have on CEDAW.
  • 54% of governments stated there are programmes of joint initiatives between government, women’s groups, networks, and NGOs that are active in media and gender equality issues.

Violence Against Women and Girls

  • Women and girls are 80 percent of the estimated 800,000 people trafficked across national borders annually, with the majority (79 percent) trafficked for sexual exploitation. Within countries, many more women and girls are trafficked, often for purposes of sexual exploitation or domestic servitude.
  • Worldwide, up to 50 percent of sexual assaults are committed against girls under 16.
  • An estimated 150 million girls under the age of 18 suffered some form of sexual violence in 2002 alone.
  • The first sexual experience of some 30 percent of women was forced. The percentage is even higher among those who were under 15 at the time of their sexual initiation, with up to 45 percent reporting that the experience was forced.

Click to see more statistics from UN Women.

Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) 2015

The Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) 2015 provides some useful statistics:

  • In 2015, women make up only 24% of the persons heard, read about or seen in newspaper, television and radio news, exactly as they did in 2010.
  • Only 13% of stories focus specifically on women.
  • Fewer than one in five experts interviewed by the media are women.
  • 46% of news stories reinforcing gender stereotypes.
  • Only 6% of stories highlight issues of gender equality or inequality.
  • Female reporters are responsible for 37% of stories; their stories challenge gender stereotypes twice as often as stories by male reporters.
  • 18% of female news subjects are portrayed as victims in comparison to 8% of male subjects.
  • 65.6% of the production and design jobs are held by men with only 34.4% women.
  • Women’s under representation in the news media was found in 44% of the nations included in the study.

Global Report on the Status of Women in the News Media

The Global Report on the Status of Women in the News Media (2011) finds that:

  • Men hold the vast majority of the seats on governing boards and in top management across seven regions, at 74.1% and 72.7%.
  • Men hold nearly 71.3% of the positions in middle management of companies surveyed, compared to women 28.7%.
  • Men hold nearly 61.3% of the senior management positions, to women 38.7%.
  • The junior professional level is male dominated with nearly 63.9% of the positions held by men compared to women 36.1%.
  • Men fill nearly 73.2% of the jobs in the technical professional level with women just over 26.8%.
  • Only 16%, 27% and 69% of the sample of media companies studied have company-wide policies on gender equality in Eastern Europe, Middle East and North Africa and the Sub Saharan region in Africa, respectively.

World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database 2011

The ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database 2011 notes that:

  • Radio remains the prevalent media of communication in many least developed countries. In 2007/8 more than 75% of households in the developing world have a radio.
  • In Africa, in countries like Cameroon, Zimbabwe and Sierra Leone household with radio ranges from below 47% to 55%.
  • Only 28% of households in Africa, in 2009, have a television.

For practical reasons the GMMP, the ITU Database and the GRWNM do not offer disaggregated data with respect to rural communities. It might be fair to say though that with regard to rural communities, and by extension rural women and men, access to media and information and level of participation would be much lower than the percentages provided above. 

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