Facts and figures
Violence Against Women and Girls
- Women and girls are 80 percent of the estimated 800,000 people trafficked across national borders annually, with the majority (79 percent) trafficked for sexual exploitation. Within countries, many more women and girls are trafficked, often for purposes of sexual exploitation or domestic servitude.
- Worldwide, up to 50 percent of sexual assaults are committed against girls under 16.
- An estimated 150 million girls under the age of 18 suffered some form of sexual violence in 2002 alone.
- The first sexual experience of some 30 percent of women was forced. The percentage is even higher among those who were under 15 at the time of their sexual initiation, with up to 45 percent reporting that the experience was forced.
Click to see more statistics from UN Women.
Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP)
The Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP) 2010 provides some useful statistics:
- Only 24% of the people questioned, heard, seen, or read about in the written and audiovisual media are women; 76% are men.
- Only 13% of stories focus specifically on women.
- Fewer than one in five experts interviewed by the media are women.
- 46% of news stories reinforcing gender stereotypes.
- Only 6% of stories highlight issues of gender equality or inequality.
- Female reporters are responsible for 37% of stories; their stories challenge gender stereotypes twice as often as stories by male reporters.
- 18% of female news subjects are portrayed as victims in comparison to 8% of male subjects.
- 65.6% of the production and design jobs are held by men with only 34.4% women.
- Women’s under representation in the news media was found in 44% of the nations included in the study.
Global Report on the Status of Women in the News Media
The Global Report on the Status of Women in the News Media (2011) finds that:
- Men hold the vast majority of the seats on governing boards and in top management across seven regions, at 74.1% and 72.7%.
- Men hold nearly 71.3% of the positions in middle management of companies surveyed, compared to women 28.7%.
- Men hold nearly 61.3% of the senior management positions, to women 38.7%.
- The junior professional level is male dominated with nearly 63.9% of the positions held by men compared to women 36.1%.
- Men fill nearly 73.2% of the jobs in the technical professional level with women just over 26.8%.
- Only 16%, 27% and 69% of the sample of media companies studied have company-wide policies on gender equality in Eastern Europe, Middle East and North Africa and the Sub Saharan region in Africa, respectively.
World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database 2011
The ITU World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database 2011 notes that:
- Radio remains the prevalent media of communication in many least developed countries. In 2007/8 more than 75% of households in the developing world have a radio.
- In Africa, in countries like Cameroon, Zimbabwe and Sierra Leone household with radio ranges from below 47% to 55%.
- Only 28% of households in Africa, in 2009, have a television.
For practical reasons the GMMP, the ITU Database and the GRWNM do not offer disaggregated data with respect to rural communities. It might be fair to say though that with regard to rural communities, and by extension rural women and men, access to media and information and level of participation would be much lower than the percentages provided above.