Audiovisual documents of the International antinuclear movement “Nevada-Semipalatinsk”
Documentary heritage submitted by Kazakhstan and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2005.
The documentary heritage proposed is a single collection of documents concerning the action of the international antinuclear movement (IAM) “Nevada-Semipalatinsk” that put an end to nuclear arms tests at the Semipalatinsk Polygon that had caused great harm to the environment and genetic pool of the people of Kazakhstan. The collection is kept in two archives in the Republic of Kazakhstan – the Central State Archive of the RK (CSA RK) and the State archive of film, stills and sound recordings.
The IAM “Nevada-Semipalatinsk” was the first antinuclear non-governmental organization (NGO) created in 1989 on the territory of the former USSR as a natural demand of life directed to the protection of mankind from general nuclear dangers. Its purpose was to destroy all nuclear test polygons on the territory of Kazakhstan, create public control over industrial wastes, and establish an ecological map of the region. The movement has a Charter, organizational structure and cultural symbols.
For more than 40 years since August 1949, the steppes of Kazakhstan were a test polygon, centres for uranium processing and places for the burial nuclear technological wastes. In summary, the total impact of nuclear explosions in Kazakhstan exceeds the power of the Hiroshima nuclear bomb by 45,000. As scientific research shows, in Kazakhstan approximately 2,6 million people fell victim to genetic mutation as a result of prolonged exposure to radiation.
The movement placed on its agenda, the:
- organization of actions directed towards the complete prohibition of nuclear tests, the banning of nuclear, missiles and other types of weapons of mass destruction and the illegal burial of radioactive and toxic wastes;
- protection and revitalization of nature, man, culture;
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- protection of human rights;
- problems of ecology at the national and international levels.
Nevada-Semipalatinsk played a positive role in the understanding by the general public of the necessity to fight against nuclear threats. It gained wide support throughout whole world and, became a real historical factor in finding solutions to global ecological problems.