Earliest Islamic (Kufic) inscription

Documentary heritage submitted by Saudi Arabia and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2003.

The inscription is the earliest dated Arabic inscription so far located in the world. It mentions the date of the death of the second Caliph of Islam, Omar bin al-Khattab who died on the last night of the month of Dul-Hajj of the year 23 Hegrah, and was buried next day on the first day of Muharram of the new year 24 Hegrah (corresponding to 644 AD).

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