South East Europe and Turkey

This section of the website related to Professional Journalistic Standards and Codes of Ethics is dedicated to South East Europe and Turkey. The following profiles are available: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey as well as Kosovo (administered by UNMIK in the context of the UN Security Council Resolution 1244 adopted in 1999).

Each profile includes regional information on the media landscape and legislation regulating journalism and the media. Regulatory bodies, self-regulatory mechanisms and journalists’ associations are also listed.

Legal Leaks: One month of training in South East Europe

In June 2014, UNESCO, in cooperation with Access Info Europe and SEENPM, organized five legal Leaks training in Pristina, Tirana, Sarajevo, Podgorica and Belgrade. Around 150 journalists and students in journalism from South East Europe were trained to make full use of access to information laws in their daily work. Participants shared their challenges and worked on case studies to understand the reality of access to information. They were also trained on data journalism, on the protection of sources and on the ethical dilemmas of access to information in the digital age. >> Read more

How news ombudsmen build trust in the media: Lessons learned from Albania

Across the world, the ongoing economic crisis has had a tremendous impact on media, worsening journalists’ job security, negatively impacting media quality, and hurting the public’s confidence in the media as a watchdog of democracy. UNESCO's World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development reveals that “the commitment to professional ethics has either stagnated or weakened, due to particular responses to severe competition, the blurring boundaries between editorial and business interests, and the entry of citizen journalists into news production and dissemination.” >> Read more

Advancing tolerance and respect online: The case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

How can media, in particular press councils, contribute to a culture of peace in transitional societies? It is well known that racist, intolerant and discriminatory speeches are major obstacles for advancing the cohesion and stability of transitional societies. While media can contribute to intensifying conflicts by disseminating hate speech, journalists adhering to high professional standards can counter the spread of ignorance, intolerance and hatred. UNESCO is convinced that a press council can play a significant role in a peace process. >> Read more

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